1.     Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
However, their VCR kept them from missing their
favorite primetime shows.
a.   keepes                           c. hard kept
b.   keeps                            d. keeped
2.     Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
A person should keep in mind some basic safety rules when you are deciding whether or not to use a fire extinguisher
a.     rules you decide
b.    rules when you decided
c.     rules you are deciding
d.    rules when deciding
3.     What correction should be made to this sentence?
Most State tourism departments and some travel agencies have bed and breakfast listings
a.     Insert a comma after agencies
b.    Change have to has
c.     Change tourism to Tourism
d.    Change State to state
4.     What correction should be made to this sentence?
Recently, educators examined the effectiveness of computer instruction in schools.
a.     Replace educators with educator's
b.    Change the spelling of examined to examined
c.     Change schools to School
d.    Replace computer with computer's
5.     Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
However, if a fire extinguisher is handy, a quick-thinking person often can use them to put out a small fire.
a.     They      b. Him     c. Them     d. lt
6.     What correction should be made to this sentence?
First-borns often pattern their behavior after they're parents and other adults.
a.     Replace their to they're
b.    Change pattern to patterned
c.     Replace they're to their
d.    No correction is necessary
7.     What correction should be made to this sentence?
Most fire-related death's result from household fires; yet many people do not have fire extinguishers in their homes.
a.     Remove the comma after fires
b.    Change result to results
c.     Change have to has
d.    Replace death's with deaths
8.     What correction should be made to this sentence?
Most fire-related death's result from household fires; yet many people do not have fire extinguishers in their homes.
a.     Remove the comma after fires
b.    Change result to results
c.     Change have to has
d.    Replace death's with deaths
9.     Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
The hosts also benefit from running such a business because they can stay at home, make money, and meeting a variety of people
a.     Get to meet                   c. And meet
b.    To meet                        d. And be meeting
10.  Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
The studies revealing that, for various reasons, girls spent less time working with computers' than boys.
a.     Revealing studies          c. Studies' revelations
b.    Studies revealed           d. Studies will reveal
11.  Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined' portion of this sentence?
Recently psychologists have been researching birth order, their research suggests that personality and intelligence are based partly on where a child ranks in the family.
a.     Order. Their                   c. Order, or their
b.    Order and their              d. Order their
12.  Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
There is smoke detectors in many homes to warn residents of a fire, but fire extinguishers can actually help people fight fires.
a.     There is             c. There are
b.    There is d. There are
13.  Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
Researchers also speculate that some teachers might have ‘given boys more computer time because parents and teachers expected, boys to need computers for future careers. 
a.     Will expect                    c. Will have expected
b.    Expected                      d. Expecting
14.  What correction should be made to this sentence?
Buying a fire extinguisher knowing how to use it, and placing it in a location familiar to all family members can help protect families against fire.
a.     Insert a comma after extinguisher
b.    Change the spelling of families to family
c.     Change placing to place
d.    Insert a comma after help
15.  Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence?
Many viewers taped shows to watch later.
a.     Tapped                         c. Tape
b.    Had taped                     d. Had tapped
16.  What is meant by LAST DITCH in this sentence?
The aged bishop was prepared to fight to the last ditch to defend his good name.
a.     One's last courage        c. One's last hope
b.    One's last strategy        d. One's last defense
17.  Which ward in the passage does NOT require a change in pitch to show confidence?
a.     Am     b. Captain        c. Master   d. Fate
18.  Which word is read on a high note to describe the kind of day?
This is a cold day.
a.     Is      b. CoId        c. Day      d. This
19.  Which verb in the sentence is pronounced with the ending as [d]?
They laughed and joked as they walked and played.
a.     Joked                           c. Walked
b.    Laughed                       d. Played
20.  What is meant by the expression TO GET BLOOD OUT OF A STONE in these sentences?
Geraldo has owed me fifty thousand pesos for over a year now. I’ve asked him for it on several occasions, but it’s like trying to get blood out of a stone
a.     Something is impossible.
b.    Someone refuses to cooperate.
c.     Someone is willing to give what is asked.
d.    Someone wants revenge.
21.  What is meant by TWO PINS in this sentence?
For two pins I could have hit him on the nose
a.     A second course of action
b.    Without much persuading
c.     The second chance
d.    Have a second alternative choice
22.  What is meant by AT SIXES AND SEVENS in this sentence?
We moved into the house last week, but I'm afraid everything, is still at sixes and sevens.
a.     The things have not been shipped.
b.    In a state of confusion    
c.     In an orderly manner
d.    The boxes are still intact
23.  Which word ends with [S] pronounced [Z]?
a.     Maps                c. Laughs
b.    Jakes               d. Buys
24.  What is meant by SOFT OPTION in these sentences?
Rebecca realized that if she stayed in her present job it would mean competing with an envious rival. Leaving the company would probably be a soft option.
a.     An action that is difficult to take
b.    An action that is not agreeable
c.     An action that is easier.
d.    An action that is weakly funded
25.  Which word contains the voiced Th?
a.     Thank   b. These  c. Think   d. Thing
26.  To gain the attention of the audience, the trick is __________?
a.     start low, speak hurriedly
b.    start high, speak loudly
c.     start high, speak rapidly
d.    start low, speak slowly
27.  Which word contains the [ae] sound?
a.     Carriage    b. Cabin   c. Caste   d. Can
28.  Which of the following words DOES NOT contain the [voiceless th]?
a.     Mouth   b. Breath    c. Teeth   d. Health
29.  Which pitch is used for the word STRANGE?
What a strange story!
a.     3         b. 2             c. 4              d. 1
30.  What do the following lines CONVEY?
Midnight, not a sound from the pavement.
Has the moon lost her memory?
She is smiling alone.
In the lamp light the withered leaves
Collect at my feet
And the wind begins to moan
a.     Confusion                     c. Loneliness
b.    Optimism                      d. Eagerness
31.  What is the mood of these lines?
Daylight, I must wait for the sunrise  
I must think of a new life
And I mustn't give in.
When the dawn comes
tonight will be a memory, too
And a new day will begin.
a.     Afraid               c. Depressed
b.    Sarcastic          d. Hopeful
32.  What is suggested in the opening line?
      June 13, 1986 - they came from all over        America - 200,000 heroes strong, with their          families.
a.     The writer holds great admiration for the veterans
b.    The writer was a veteran of the war
c.     The writer is opposed to the Vietnam War
d.    The writer is a flag-waving patriot
33.  Carl Sundburg wrote "Jazz Fantasia" which has for its first stanza:
      Drum on your drums, batter on your banjos, sob on the long cool winding saxophones. Go to it, O jazzmen.  Which words illustrate alliteration?
a.     Batter and banjos          c. Sob and winding
b.    Long and cool               d. To and it
34.  Which of the following lines is a simile?
a.     "Holding wonder like a cup"
b.    "Life has loneliness to sell"
c.     "Eyes that love you, arms that hold”
d.    "Buy it and never count the cost"
35.  The stanza below is taken from "Barter" by SaraTeasdale.
      Life has loneliness to sell,
      Music like a curve of gold,
      Scent of pine trees in the rain,
      Eyes that love you, arms that hold,
      And for your spirit's still delight,
      Holy thoughts that star the night.
            To what does Teasdale compare music?
a.     The scent of pine trees c. Eyes that love
b.    A curve of gold                         d. The rain
36.  Robert Frost wrote the poem "Acquainted with the
      Night" from which the stanza is taken:
            I have been one acquainted with the night.
            I have walked out in rain-back in rain.
            I have out walked the farthest city light
The poet in the stanza talks of
a.     isolation and loneliness.
b.    happiness in having been acquainted with the night.
c.     joy getting out of the house.
d.    youthful delight playing in the rain.
37.  Lines 11 and 12 are taken from the poem "maggie and milly and molly and may."
      For whatever we lose (like a you or a me)
      it's always ourselves we find in the sea
Which of the following ideas is the author expressing?
a.   The sea is a source of life and death.
b.   The sea represents all of our moods.
c.   The sea is the best place for a person to reflect about life.
d.   The sea and its surroundings can give people a fresh view on life.
38.  Anong uri ng panghalip ang salitang may salungguhit sa pangungusap? May padalang tulong ang pamahalaan para sa kanila.
a.   Pambalana         c. Paari
b.   Palagyo                         d. Palayon
39.  Nasa anong kaganapan ng pandiwa ang pangungusap?, Naglaro ng basketball sa Rizal Stadium ang koponan ng aming pamantasan.
a.     Sanhi                c. Kagamitan
b.    Tagaganap        d. Ganapan
40.  Alin uri ng parirala ang may salungguhit sa pangungusap? Utang sa kanyang sipag at sikap sa paggawa ang kanilang maalwang pamumuhay.
a.     Pangngalan                   c. Pawatas
b.    Pangngalang-diwa         d. Pang-ukol
41.  Si Dr. Jose Rizal ay sumulat ng aklat ng itinampok sa ibat' ibang bansa. Ang pangungusap ay nagagamit bilang __________?
a.     panuring                       c. tuwirang layon
b.    pamuno                        d. paksa
42.  Kilalanin ang uri ng pariralang may salungguhit. Ang pangangalaga sa mga likas na yaman ay tungkulin nating lahat.
a.     Pangngalan                   c. Pang-ukol
b.    Pangngalang-diwa         d. Pawatas
43.  Sabihin ang aspekto ng pandiwa sa pangungusap na ito. "Mag-aral sa bahay ng mga araling ukol sa halaman."
a.     Pawatas                        c. lmperpektibo
b.    Kontemplatibo              d. Perpektibo
44.  Dadalaw sa mga paaralan si Dr. Filemon S. Salas, ang tagapamanihala ng mga paaralang lungsod, sa lungsod ng Pasay. Ang pangungusap ay nagagamit bilang
a.     panuring                       c. tuwirang layon
b.    paksa                           d. pamuno
45.  Alin ang di karaniwang anyo ng pandiwang HINTAY KA?
a.     Tay     b. Tayka   c. Intay   d. Teka
46.  Ano ang ipinahihiwatig ng salitang may salungguhit? Matayog anq lipad ni Pepe kaya't bata pa siya'y nagsisikap na siya.
a.     May kayabangan si Pepe.
b.    Mataas ang pangarap ni Pepe.
c.     Marunong si Pepe.
d.    Ibig ni Pepeng maabot ang langit
47.  Sa "Espiritu ni Bathala ang nangangalaga ng kanilang kalusugan" ang ipinahihiwatig na katangian ay __________.
a.     malinis              c. maliksi
b.    mabisa                         d. makapangyarihan
48.  Alin sa mga salita ang kasingkahulugan ng salitang may salungguhit?
            Ang ama ni Anita ay kilalang bulanggugo sa         kanilang lalawigan.
a.     Laging ibinubulong
b.    Laging handang gumasta
c.     Laging handang makipag-away
d.    Laging handang makipagtalo
49.  Anong tayutay ang tinutukoy nito?
 Durog ang katawang bumagsak sa semento si Miguel.
a.     Pagtutulad                    c. Pagmamalabis
b.    Pagbibigay katauhan     d. Pagwawangis
50.  Sa alin salita magkakaroon ng saglit na paghinto kung pinapilitang si Rose ang nakabasag ng pinggan? Hindi si Rose ang nakabasag ng pinggan.
a.     Rose                            c. Nakabasag
b.    Hindi                             d. Pinggan
51.  Alin ang kahulugan ng KAHIRAMANG SUKLAY?
a.     Kakilala  b. Kaibigan  c. Karibal  d. Kalahi
52.  Alin antas ng tono ang lumilitaw sa bahaging may salungguhit ng pangungusap na nagsasalaysay? Magbabasa ng mga gawain ang guro.
a.     1            b. 3            c. 2              d. 4
53.  Alin antas ng tona ang lumilitaw sa bahaging may salungguhit ng pangungusap na nagdududa? Nagpuputol ng puno ang lalaki.
a.     1           b. 2               c. 4             d 3
54.  Alin ang kahulugan ng AGAW-BUHAY?
a.     Masiglang-masigla
b.    Malapit nang mamatay
c.     Pagpapatuloy ng buhay
d.    Mahirap na buhay
55.  Alin ang naayong pamagat sa tanagang sinulat ni Jose Villa Panganiban?
            Ano man sa daigdig,
            Maaring magamit,
            Ano mang masaisip;
            Di sukat maiipit.
a.     Pagkainip                     c. Pag-asa
b.    Paraya                          d. Pagbibigay
56.  Ano ang kahulugan ng taludtod na ito?
            "Ang anak man ay alagaan sa marubdob na pagsuyo sikapin ma sa sarili'y huwag siyang maging luko talipandas sa paglaki na sa sama marahuyo sa lahi mo't sa Bayan may isang tinik sa balaho."
a.     Mahalin ang anak ng walang hangganan.
b.    Tamang pagpapalaki sa anak ang dapat.
c.     Suyuin ang anak at ibigay lahat ng hilig.
d.    Paligayahin ang tahanan.
57.  Kaninong tula hango ang sumusunod?
            "Ang hindi magmahal sa sariling wika mahigit sa hayop at malansang isda."
a.     Jose Rizal         c. Apolinario Mabini
b.    Emilio Jacinta   d. Graciano Lopez Jaena
58.  Alin sa mga sumusunod ang aral na ibinibigay ng epikong Muslim na INDARAPATRA AT SULAYMAN?
a.     Pagmamahal     c. Katapatan    
b.    Katapangan      d. Pagtanaw ng utang-na-Ioob
59.  Alin sa mga sumusunod ang aral na ibinigay ng ANG ALAMAT NI MARIANG MAKILlNG na ikinuwento ni Jose Rizal?
a.     Pagyamanin at pangalagaan ang ating bayan at lahi pagka’t hiyas at yaman natin ito.
b.    Pag-ibig ang makapagbabago sa mundong ito.
c.     Kabanalan ang magpatawad at tulungan ang isang nagkasala.
d.    Dahil sa pagmamalabis at pagsasamantala, maraming biyaya ang sa kanya'y nawawala.
60.  Alin sa mga sumusunod ang mensahe ng epiko ng IIokano na BIAG NI LAM-ANG?
a.     Pinatutunayan ng epiko ang yaman ng Ilokano sa lahat ng bagay.
b.    Kailangan paniniwalaan ang ukol sa bisa ng mga anting-anting dahil sa mga pangyayaring nagpapatunay dito.
c.     Dito nagpapatunay na walang kamatayan.
d.    Masasalat ang mga katutubong ugali at mga tradisyong dapat pagyamanin at panatilihin upang pakinabangan ng kabataan.
61.  Ano ang pinakaangkop na kahulugan nito?
            "Nagsasaya tayo ngayon sapagkat ang iyong namatay na kapatid ay muling nabuhay; ang nawawala ay muling nakita."
a.     Ang pagbabalik ay dapat ipaghanda nang malaki.
b.    Ang pagbabago ng kapatid ay dapat pahalagahan.
c.     Dapat silang magsaya sa muli nilang pagsasama-sama
d.    Ang pagsasama nila ay dahil sa muling pagbabalik ng kapatid
62.  Si Mariano Ponce ay propagandistang may sagisag sa panulat na
a.     Tamaraw                       c. Kapre
b.    Tikbalang                      d. Kalapate
63.  Anong aral ang ibinibigay ng sumusunod na salawikain?
"Ang taong napapailalim, ay naipapaibabaw rin."
a.     Maaring ngayon ay hirap pagdating ng bukas ay may ginhawa ri
b.    Tiyak ang pag-unlad kapag nauna ang hirap
c.     Kung ano ang ibig natin ay mangyayari
d.    Magtiis kung dumarating ang hirap
64.  Alin ang di karaniwang anyo ng pandiwang WINIKA KO?
a.     Ikako                c. Kako
b.    Wikako                         d. Wika ko
65.  A politician wants to get his message to 2/3 of the population of 48,000 in Bulacan. However, his advertising campaign reaches only 3/4 of the number he intended. How many people does he actually reach?
a.     16,000              c. 24,000
b.    10,000        d. 36,000    e. none of these
66.  Mr. Garcia owns a 10½ hectare tract of land. He plans to subdivide this tract into ¼ hectare lots. He must first set aside 1/16 of the total land for roads. How many lots will this tract yield?
a.     30        b.  35        c. 42        d. 45
b.    none of these
67.  A meter was cut at the 35-cm mark. What is the ratio of the smaller piece to the larger piece?
a.     7:13                      c. 35:100
b.    65:35      d. 65:100        e. none of these
68.  The carat is a unit of measure used to weigh precious stones. It equals 3.086 grains. How many grains does a 2.8 carat diamond weigh?
a.     864.08              c. 8.6408
b.    86.408    d. 8640.8       e. none of these
69.  A carpenter wanted three pieces of wood each 1⅝ feet long. If he planned to cut them from a 6-foot piece of wood, how much of the piece would be left?
a.     4 ⅜ ft    c. 4 ⅞ ft
b.    1 ⅛ ft    d. 3 ft           e. none of these
70.  Four mangoes cost P29.00. At that price what will 2½ dozen mangoes cost?
a.     Php217.50        c. Php348.50
b.    Php188.50        d. Php870.00  e. none of these
71.  If P75.00 is shared among three children in the ratio of 3:7:15. The size of the smaller share is
a.     Php9.00            c. Php25.00
b.    Php15.00          d. Php35.00   e. none of these
72.  4 1/5 + 3 2/7 = __________
a.     7 3/12               c. 7 17/35
b.    7 3/35       d. 7 1/35     e. none of these
73.  10 - 3 2/17 = __________
a.     7 2/1 7              b. 6 1/17
b.    6 2/1 7              d. 6 15/17  e. none of these
74.  How many whole numbers can divide 30 exactly?
a.     Eight   b. Six   c. Five  d. Four  e. none of these
75.  Which is the sum of the infinite progression 3/2, 1, 2/3, 4/9 . . . ?
a.         b. 5½  c. 4½   d.    e. none of these
76.  In the progression 18, -12, 8 . . . which term is 512/729?
a.     the 8th     c. the 9th
b.    the 6th      d. the 7th     e. none of these
77.  Which are the next three terms in the progression 1, 4, 16 . . . 8 terms?
a.     64, 256, 1024    c. 66, 258, 1026
b.    67, 259, 1027    d. 65, 257, 1025 e. none of these
78.  Which are the next three terms in the progression 1/125, -1/25, 1/5 . . . 7 terms?
a.     -2, 6, -26                       c. -4, 8, -28
b.    -3, 7, -27    d. -1, 5, -25    e. none of these
79.  Which is the equivalent common fraction of the repeating decimal 3.242424…?
a.     107/33              c. 109/33
b.    110/33              d. 108/33    e. none of these
80.  What is the difference between the largest 4-digit number and the smallest 4-digit number?
a.     8999    c. 9998
b.    8000     d. 8888      e. none of these
81.  What is the sum of all the two digit numbers which are divisible by 5?
a.     945    b. 950     c. 960    d. 1050
82.  Find m in the proportion m/12 = 30/24.
a.     30   b. 15    c. 20   d. 25   e. none of these
83.  The Miranda Family purchased a 250-pound side of beef and had it packaged. They paid Php365.00 for the side of beef. During the packaging, 75 pounds of beef were discarded as waste. What was the cost per pound for the packaged beef?
a.     Php2.08 per pound        d. Php2.06 per pound
b.    none of these
c.     Php2.50 per pound        e. Php2.30 per pound
84.  If a baseball player hits 10 home runs in the first 45 games, at the same rate how many home runs can he expect to hit during the 162-game season?
a.     38       b. 42        c. 36    d. 40  e. none of these
85.  During a recent shopping spree, Tomas and Nena bought some new accessories for their apartment. Nena chose a crocheted throw pillow at Php24.95, and Tomas purchased a rural landscape painting for Php135.00. How much did they actually spend if they paid 7% sales tax on their purchases?
a.     Php171.15        c. none of these
b.    Php139.25        d. Php159.95    e. Php148.75
86.  You buy a new refrigerator for Php12,800.00 and make a down payment of Php2,500.00. If you finance the remainder at 8% annually for three years, how much will you actually pay for the refrigerator?
a.     Php12,190.00    c. none of these
b.    Php10,300.00    d. Php12,772.00 e.Php15,272.00
87.  To pass her English Test, Lucille must get 75% of the items correct. Out of 80 questions, how many must she correctly answer?
a.     55   b. 60   c. none of these  d. 65    e. 70
88.  Employees at Shaira's Musicmart get a 20% discount on all purchases. If Theresa buys three tapes at Php7.49 each, how much will she have to pay after her employee discount?
a.     Php16.98                      c. Php18.98
b.    Php19.98    d. Php17.98    e. none of these
89.  A car dealer is offering a rebate of Php7,500.00 on any new-car purchase. If the purchase price of a car is Php200,000.00 more than it was last year, what is the rate of discount offered by the rebate?
a.     10%                  c. 13.3%
b.    not enough information is given
c.     7.5%                 e. 14.2%
90.  How many ways can a committee of 4 people be selected from a group of 7 people?
a.     35   b. 70   c. 140   d. 210  e. none of these
91.  In how many ways can you arrange three mathematics books (Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry) in order on a shelf?
a.     6    b. 8   c. 12    d. 24   d. none of these
92.  One package is 100 pounds, and the other is 150 pounds. The weight of the second package is how many times that of the first?
a.     1½ times heavier           d. 10 pounds heavier
b.    ½ as heavy
c.     none of these                e. 20 pounds heavier
93.  How many gallons of water will fill a fish tank that is 18 inches by 12 inches by 48 inches? (There are 231 cubic inches per gallon). Round your answer to the nearest gallon.
a.     45 gallons         c. none of these
b.    40 gallons         d. 47 gallons     e. 38 gallons
94.  How much topsoil is needed to cover a garden 25 feet by 40 feet to a depth of 6 inches?
a.     480 ft3               c.  500 ft3
b.    440 ft3     d. none of these   e. 460 ft3
95.  What are the next four numbers in this sequence 8, 5, 4, 9,17, ___, ___, ___, ___?
a.     4, 3, 2, 1           c. 6, 3, 2, 0
b.    5, 4, 3, 2    d. none of these   e. 3, 2, 1, 0
96.  What day follows the day before yesterday if 2 days from now will be Sunday?
a.     Tuesday                        c. Wednesday
b.    none of these    d. Saturday     e. Thursday
97.  How much larger is the supplement of a 57 degree angle than the complement of a 75 degree angle?
a.     108 degrees                  c. 105 degrees
b.    18 degrees        d. none of these e. 123 degrees
98.  The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 25 feet. If one leg is 24 feet, what is the length of the other leg?
a.      5 ft    b. 5 ft   c. 20 ft  d. none of these  e. 7 ft
99.  Which is the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle with legs 5 inches and 12 inches?
a.     17in. b. 13 in.    c. 11in.  d. 20 in e. none of these
100.        Which one should be TRUE if Earth's rotation axis did not tilt?
I.  Days and nights would be the same length everywhere on Earth.
II.  There would be no hours of darkness on points along the equator.
III.  Earth would have no seasons,
IV.  Each part of the Earth would have the same daily temperature pattern.
a.     II and IV                        c. IV and I
b.    III and IV                       d. I and Ill
101.        Tides, caused by the moon's gravity, create a frictional force that is gradually slowing down Earth's rotation speed. One million years from now, scientist may discover that compared to today, Earth's
a.     day is shorter                c. day is longer
b.    year is longer                d. year is shorter
102.        What indoor relative humidity range would probably be comfortable when the outside temperature and humidity levels are extremely low?
a.     90 to 100%                   c. 20 to 30%
b.    50 to 70%                     d. 30 to 40%
103.        Which of the following facts support the Big Bang theory's explanation of the creation of the universe?
a.     The universe does not expand nor contract.
b.    The universe seldoms expand.
c.     The universe will have background radiation.
d.    The universe has no beginning nor end.
104.        Which of the following is the BEST example of self-preservation?
a.     mouse runs when it sees a cat.
b.    A dog barks when it sees its owner.
c.     A young man decides to quit smoking
d.    A salmon swims back to the place of its birth to lay eggs.
105.        Which of the following internal forces interrupt the external forces of erosion?
            I.  Forces that cause volcanoes
            II.  Forces that cause ocean trenchers
            III.  Forces that create mountains
a.     I, II and III                      c. II and III
b.    I and III                          d. I and II
106.        Which location should have most nearly twelve hours of daylight and twelve hours of darkness during December? A town that is located
a.     halfway between the Equator and the South Pole.
b.    close to the Equator.
c.     close to the North Pole.
d.    close to the South Pole.
107.        At which time during the year does the ozone level present a particular health threat in urban areas for people with respiratory problems?
a.     Spring              c. Summer
b.    Fall                   d. Winter
108.        Which of the following procedures used by a farmer is NOT related directly to preventing erosion?
a.     Contour plowing around a hill
b.    Planting more seeds than are necessary to yield a bountiful crop.
c.     Planting grass in gullies to act as a filter
d.    Planting crops in alternate rows (strip farming)
109.        A nation in which loess would likely be found today is
a.     Iceland                         c. Japan
b.    United States                d. Ecuador
110.        Which one explains why oxygen a gas, is the largest component of the Earth’s crust?
a.     Oxygen gives Earth's crust its lightness
b.    Oxygen is the most abundant element in the world
c.     Oxygen is capable of combining with most of the elements in the Earth's crust.
d.    Oxygen is needed to sustain all life on Earth.
111.        Which is the BEST evidence that helium gas is lighter than air?
a.     Helium has the lowest boiling point of all elements.
b.    Helium atoms do not combine with other air atoms.
c.     Helium-filled balloons rise in air.
d.    By volume, helium makes up only 0.0005% of air.
112.        In which kingdom should MOLD be classified?
a.     Protista                         c. Fungi
b.    Plantae                         d. Animalia
113.        Which area of the brain controls feeling on the left side of a person's face?
a.     The left occipital lobe    c. The right parietal lobe
b.    The left parietal lobe      d. The right occipital lobe
114.        Scientist also find that other stalky vegetables such as carrots also help lower blood pressure. This statements is BEST classified as
a.     experiment                    c. finding
b.    nonessential fact           d. prediction
115.        The Jones family has had four children, all girls. The fifth child born is a boy. This change is the result of
a.     conception classes taken by the parents.
b.    the timing of the fertility cycles.
c.     the father's contribution of a "Y" chromosome.
d.     the "law of averages" finally catching up.
116.        Which of the following should you expect to be true about the rate of cellular respiration for a group of students who are the same age, height, and weight?
a.     Athletes would tend to have higher rates of cellular respiration than non-athletes.
b.    Africans would have a higher rate of cellular respiration than Asians.
c.     Boys would have a higher rate of cellular respiration than girls.
d.    Non-athletes would have higher rates of cellular respiration than athletes.
117.        What is the function of DIFFUSION in the human body?
a.     Regulates blood flow
b.    Plays an insignificant role in the body's functioning
c.     Allows an even distribution of substances throughout all cells of the body
d.    Comes into play in times of extreme illness
118.        What is the MOST likely reason for a desert plant to have a few or no leaves?
a.     To increase photosynthesis
b.    To decrease photosynthesis
c.     To increase transpiration
d.    To decrease transpiration
119.        It was also discovered that the chemical 3m butylphthalide can lower the blood pressure of rats. This statement is classified as
a.     prediction         c. finding
b.    experiment        d. nonessential fact
120.        Which kingdom should STREPTOCOCCUS be classified?
a.     Protista                         c. Fungi           
b.    Plantae                         d. Monera
121.        Which of the following methods can all diabetics control their condition and avoid heart disease and blindness?
I.  Regulating their intake of glucose
II.  Increasing the levels of insulin in the body by taking insulin injections
Ill.  Maintaining a reasonable exercise regimen to keep weight down.
a.     I     b. II     c. I and II    d. I and III
122.        Without the process of meiosis, we can infer that offspring from sexual reproduction would
a.     have a high degree of genetic variety.
b.    have twice the assigned number of chromosomes.
c.     be identical.
d.    have a number of mutations.
123.        Which method of reproduction provides for the most variety of offspring?
a.     Cloning                         c. Asexual reproduction
b.    Sexual reproduction      d. Cellular reproduction
124.        What does a stick of unlit dynamite demonstrate?
a.     Chemical Energy           c. Kinetic Energy
b.    Nuclear Energy              d. Potential Energy
125.        The principle under which a thermostat operates is the same when
a.     a gas expands to fill the container in which it is held.
b.    a pendulum swings when it is set into motion.
c.     a chemical reaction occurs when two substances combine.
d.    the level of mercury rises or falls in a glass tube.
126.        What do you predict will happen when you bring two bar magnets closer together?
a.     They will repel each other.
b.    They will create an alternating current
c.     Nothing will happen
d.    They will attract each other.
127.        Which of the following BEST demonstrates the greenhouse principle?
a.     A heated aquarium
b.    A car with rolled-up windows
c.     A microwave oven
d.    A solar battery -powered calculator
128.        Which law of force and motion explains this occurrence, when a rocket is propelled upward by the powerful downward discharge of exhaust gases?
a.     Universal Gravitation      c. Applied Force
b.    Action and Reaction      d. Inertia
129.        Why does a pendulum in a grandfather clock once set in motion continue to swing, thereby regulating the clock's movement? This is due to the Law of
a.     Universal Gravitation      c. Applied Force
b.    Action and Reaction      d. Inertia
130.        Why does a bullet when discharged into the air eventually fall to the ground? This is due to the Law of
a.     Universal Gravitation      c. Inertia
b.    Applied Force               d. Action and Reaction
131.        Which of the following will occur if a cold bottle of soda is left open on a kitchen counter?
a.     The pressure that the soda exerts on the bottle will increase.
b.    The temperature of the soda will decrease.
c.     The amount of dissolved carbon dioxide gas will decrease.
d.    The amount of dissolved carbon dioxide gas will remain the same.
132.        In an experiment, a drop of blue ink is placed on the surface of a glass of water. In a few minutes, the drop of ink is dispersed throughout the water, turning it light blue. The result of the experiment proves that
a.     molecules of ink and molecules of water are in constant motion.
b.    heat causes the ink to disperse.
c.     a new compound is formed by the combination of ink and water.
d.    ink molecules have less density than water molecule
133.        Each of the following objects is designed to employ the buoyancy principle EXCEPT a
a.     life preserver                 c. submarine
b.    kite                               d. canoe
134.        An elderly woman suffered a stroke, a restriction of blood flow to the brain. If the stroke caused to the right side of her body to become temporarily paralyzed, she most likely experienced a decreased blood flow to
a.     the left side of her body.
b.    the front of her brain.
c.     the left side of her brain.
d.    the right side of her brain.
135.        In an experiment, a vacuum is created when all air is removed from a tube. A coin and bits of confetti are released in the vacuum at the same time. They fall at the same rate and reach the bottom at the same time. The experiment proves that
I.      in a vacuum, the rate of acceleration is the same for all objects regardless of weight.
II.    outside a vacuum, air resistance is what makes different objects fall at different rates.
III.   gravity has no effect at all on objects that fall in a vacuum.
a.     I and II              c. I, II and III
b.    I and III d. II and III
136.        New peonies, perennial plants that produce showy flowers can be propagated from the parent plant by dividing corns that grow underground. This reproductive form resembles a
a.     bulb   b. runner   c. seed   d. bud
137.        Which antidote would have a similar effect if vinegar or citrus juice were not available?
a.     Milk                              c. Vegetable oil
b.    Raw egg white               d. Water
138.        Which is NOT among the hazardous effects of water pollution to health?
a.     The epidemic threat of hepatitis and dysentery
b.    The increase incidence of liver cancer
c.     The dumping of mercury in the sea causing blindness, brain damage, or death
d.    The presence of certain bacteria in the digestive tract causing Methemoglobinemia
139.        A tightly coiled spring demonstrate?
a.     Steam energy                c. Potential energy
b.    Kinetic energy               d. Chemical energy
140.        As a representative of the Urban Poor Commission of the Association of Religious Superiors (ARS), which action will you most likely take to resolve the long-term roots of structural inequalities-proliferation of child labor and child prostitution?
a.     Raise views of human rights abuse.
b.    Organize regular programs for information and discussion of human rights.
c.     Conduct skills training.
d.    Raise questions over the government's commitment to rebuild human rights
141.        Which explains the reason why there are continuous and increasing human rights violations?
a.     The United Nation's General Assembly approved only resolutions on human rights and the basic freedoms which are not binding.
b.    The solutions used are ineffective.
c.     The United Nations as an international body is rather slow in the exercise of  its powers.
d.    The United Nations uses a single solution on all forms of human rights  violations.
142.        The following are legitimate children, EXCEPT
a.     those born by artificial insemination.
b.    those legitimated.
c.     those born during a valid marriage of parents.
d.    those born out a valid marriage of the parents.
143.        Thousands of street children in large Brazilian cities were murdered by paramilitary death squads which included police officers. What could be the reason why these operations were not suppressed by the government?
a.     Totalitarian governments do not give protection to their people.
b.    The business people even funded these operations to clean up their streets and neighborhoods.
c.     The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was only lip service.
d.    To how they treat their people was nobody else's business.
144.        Spouses Jose S. Luz and Celerina Luz filed a petition to adopt Gregorio Luz Ona, their nephew. The spouses are childless and they reared Gregorio from his birth in 1971 until 1975 and they continued to support him. Gregorio had to be left in the Philippines when the spouses went to the United States where Jose is employed. The MSSD recommended the adoption to the court on the premise that petitioners are in a better position to provide for the minor child than the natural parents who are impoverished.
What could be the possible decision of the court on the petition?
a.     The court denied the petition because the spouses are already aliens
b.    The petition for adoption was granted because the court finds that it is to the  best interest of the child.
c.     The petition for adoption was denied because the spouses are non-residents of the Philippines.
d.    The court denied the petition on the premise that the trial custody required by PD 603 cannot be effected for spouses are non-residents
145.        Which one is the human right to life?
a.     Peace    
b.    Live in national and international order
c.     Own property
d.    Fair trial
146.        Which one is the human right to dignity?
a.     Political independence  
b.    Honor and reputation
c.     Form associations
d.    Social and economic reforms
147.        Carolina Diaz filed a petition for habeas corpus against Mr. and Mrs. Ramon Alde to recover custody of Lina Diaz Tan alias "Gracia Alde," the natural daughter of Carolina Diaz, who was a hostess.
What could be the possible action of the court on the petition filed by Carolina Diaz?
a.     Her petition would be granted because she now works as a clerk in a prestigious office.
b.    Her petition would be denied because she was a former hostess.
c.     Her petition would be denied because when Gracia was given to the Aldes it was tantamount to abandonment of the child, resulting to termination of  parental authority.
d.    Her petition would be granted because she is the natural mother.
148.        Mary Rose, an 18 year old was sexually abused by 3 teenagers from well-to-do families from Makati. Despite pressures, she came out into the open to get justice. Which need did Mary Rose satisfy?
a.     Need for family unity
b.    Need for civic responsibility
c.     Need for universal solidarity
d.    Need for personal integrity
149.        The following are defects present at the time of marriage which is voidable and annullable EXCEPT
a.     impotence                     c. fraud
b.    deceit                           d. threat
150.        Which one is the right to human dignity?
a.     Choose the goals and means of development
b.    Share in scientific and technological advances of the world
c.     Right to information
d.    Sovereignty over our natural resources
151.        Which of the following foreign policy actions today is a direct result of early American imperialist policy?
a.     Stationing of American troops in West Germany
b.    America's military support of Israel in the Middle East
c.     America's patrolling of waters off the Libyan coast
d.    America's establishment of military bases in the Philippines
152.        Which of the following represent, ethnocentric behavior?
a.     A tourist who lectures his foreign hosts on the "uncivilized" nature of their marriage customs
b.    A student who tutors an immigrant in English
c.     A Hispanic community group demands that public aid forms be published in English and Spanish
d.    A peace Corps volunteer who helps dig wells in Central Africa
153.        The Soviet Union's attempt to establish a missile base in Cuba is interpreted as a direct violation of
a.     the Truman Doctrine
b.    the Monroe Doctrine
c.     the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT)
d.    the Declaration of Independence
154.        Which will solve poverty caused by capitalism?
a.     Fascism                        c. Empirism
b.    Communism                  d. Socialism
155.        Which part of the Allied action has been detailed in this passage?
            After Saddam Hussein violated international agreements by sending Iraq troops to Kuwait and missiles into other neighboring countries, the Allies responded with military action.
a.     The Allied bases in Saudi Arabia
b.    The ground was in the desert
c.     The movement of Allied Troops with Iraq
d.    The air campaign in the Baghdad area
156.        Carter's part in relinquishing U.S. control of the Canal Zone to Panama is described as a victory for __________.
a.     conservatism                c. isolationism
b.    anti-imperialism             d. imperialism
157.        The undeclared war in Korea most closely resembled the situation of
a.     The Spanish-American War c. World War I
b.    The Vietnam War              d. World War II
158.        Which refers to FUNNEL EFFECT?
a.     The belief that every criminal gets caught and is punished.
b.    The belief that crime is under control in the United States.
c.     The idea that only a very few suspects arrested for committing a crime are actually punished.
d.    The idea that all crimes are put into the same criminal justice system.
159.        What values are being given priority by juries in criminal cases?
a.     The rights of the criminal over the strict interpretation of the law
b.    The safety of the community over symphathy for the criminal
c.     The needs of the criminals over the advice of the judge
d.    The punishment of the criminal over the safety of the community
160.        Two days after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt made the following statements:
"In the past few years and most violently in the past few days, we have learned a terrible lesson. We must begin the great task that is before us by abandoning once and for all the illusion that we can never again isolate ourselves from the rest of humanity."
In the statement, Roosevelt is expressing the ideas of __________.
a.     an internationalist          c. an imperialist
b.    an anti-imperialist          d. an isolationist
161.        The main message of the Moral Recovery Program launched by Leticia Ramos Shahani starts with the __________.
a.     world     b. family    c. self     d. nation
162.        Which is NOT personal integrity?
a.     Time                 c. Order
b.    Place                d. Harmony
163.        Which one BEST defines personal integrity?
a.     The unity between ignorance and reality
b.    The unity of man’s deeds, words, thoughts and realities
c.     The unity of man’s social, political and physical aspects
d.    The relationship between virtue and conduct
164.        Which family obligation is especially valued?
a.     Supplying groceries to relatives in remote barrios
b.    Providing health assistance to relatives living in the same locale
c.     Sending to college relatives in remote barrios
d.    Keeping immediate family members out of trouble
165.        Of the following changes in the socio-economic, political cultural and physical that have occurred in the Filipino family, which one remains to be TRUE?
a.     The loss of the traditional evening prayer and the ritual of blessing (mano)
b.    The unity of the family despite competing demands
c.     The continued parental influence over children's language dress and other behavior
d.    The continued support for parents and siblings
166.        Which is the MOST important perceived need and problem of the Filipino family?
a.     Unemployment or financial problem
b.    Proneness to vices
c.     Over protectiveness of children
d.    Double standard on the roles of male and female
167.        The San Pascual Credit Cooperative of Quezon City wishes to appy for a loan of five million pesos from one of the financial institution, EXCEPT
a.     Development Bank of the Philippines
b.    Central Bank of the Philippines.
c.     Philippine National Bank
d.    Land Bank of the Philippines
168.        If a farmer would want assistance like pricing, guarantee for all agricultural produce or cooperative management training, where would he go?
a.     Support Services of the Department of Agrarian Reform
b.    Special Agrarian Court under the Regional Trial court
c.     DAR adjudication board
d.    Land bank
169.        Why was San Andres Cooperative Association of Paco, Manila not exempted from taxation?
a.     It accumulated reserves and undivided net savings of Php8,000,000.00
b.    It accumulated reserves and undivided net savings of Php10,000.00
c.     It accumulated reserves and undivided net savings Php9,000,000.00
d.    It accumulated reserves and undivided net savings of Php11,000.00
170.        Which has become a prototype of other schemes that defeated the real and true purpose of the CARL?
a.     The conversion of farmlands to industrial complexes
b.    The stock option scheme of Hacienda Luisita
c.     The conversion from agricultural to subdivision
d.    The voluntary offer to sell
171.        Which are limited only to the sale of real property and stock transaction?
a.     Business incomes c. Employment incomes
b.    Capital gains     d. Passive incomes
172.        Of the following, which is imposed a final tax of ten percent (10%)?
a.     PCSO and lotto winnings
b.    Books, literary works and musical compositions
c.     Currency bank deposit
d.    Royalties
173.        Why did the register of deeds charge Lucio Cruz registration fee the instrument relative to his loan?
a.     His loan was Php30,000.00
b.    His loan was Php60,000.00
c.     His loan was Php50,000.00
d.    His loan was Php40,000.00
174.        Julieta Villaruel was a landowner from Cabiao, Nueva Ecija. Under the CARL, she was claiming 8 hectares, 5 hectares of which represented the retention limit and the 3 hectares for her only child. Why was her child denied the 3 hectares?
a.     Her son was 15 years old who was actually tiling the farm
b.    Her son was 17 years old who was managing the farm
c.     Her son was 13 years old who has been helping till the farm
d.    Her son was 19 years old who was actually tilling or managing the farm
175.        One of the most outstanding accomplishments of the cooperative movement is the encouragement of thrift. Which maxim of God puts this into practice?
a.     "God helps those who help themselves"
b.    "Look at the birds: they do not plant seeds,/gather a harvest and put it in barns; yet your Father in heaven takes care of them!"
c.     "He is near to those who call to Him, who call to Him with sincerity"
d.    "Happy are those who are merciful to others; God will be merciful to them!"
176.        Mang Tacio has been unemployed for quite sometime due to his negative attitudes toward work. Which program of the Department of Social welfare and Services will help him?
a.     Income in Kind Program
b.    Anti-Medicancy program
c.      HRD Program
d.    Social Insurance Program
177.        Lucy's husband has been a drug dependent. She wanted him rehabilitated to be economically productive. Where will she commit her husband?
a.     DARN                                       c. DARE
b.    Bukang Liwayway Center           d. NFPI
178.        Where would you commit a drug dependent for him to achieve a natural, tensionless, and anxiety-free state?
a.     NFPI                 c. DARE
b.    DARN               d. Bukang Liwayway Center
179.        Which theory was asserted by the Pan-German belief in the superiority of the Aryan race and that the strength of the German culture came from a strong, healthy and rustic lineage?
a.     Dependency Theory c. Social Darwinist Theory
b.    Culture of Poverty Theory d. Theory of Capitalism
180.        Which is the main goal of drug abuse education?
a.     Arrest                           c. Control
b.    Prevention                    d. Rehabilitation

Situation 1 - Below is the poem written by Edgar Lee Masters in 1915:
What Happened to Tom Merritt?
At first I suspected something
She acted so calm and absent-minded.
And one day I heard the back door shut,
As I entered the front, and I saw him slink
Back of the smoke house into the lot,
And across the field.
And I meant to kill him on sight.
But that day, walking near Fourth Bridge,
Without a stick or a stone at hand,
All of a sudden I saw him standing,
Scared to death, holding his rabbits,
And all l could say was, "Don't, Don't, Don't,"
As he aimed and fired at my heart.
181.        Which of the following techniques is used in the poem?
a.     Verse                c. Free verse
b.    Rhyme              d. Personification
182.        The way in which the poet presents these words in line 12 implies that Tom
a.     tried to annoy the other man.
b.    was shot before the finished the statement.
c.     did not want to hurt the other man.
d.    begged the man to stop seeing his wife.
183.        Who is the speaker of this poem?
a.     Tom Merritt                   c. God
b.    Merritt's wife                 d. The sheriff
184.        The poet introduces the poem with lines 1-3 to show us that Tom Merritt
a.     had suspected that his wife was seeing another man
b.    was sure that his wife was ill
c.     was a very suspicious person
d.    was sure that his wife still loved him

Situation 2 - Below is an excerpt from John F. Kennedy's "Inaugural Address." Read the excerpt and answer the questions that follow.

In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course. Since this country as founded, each generation of Americans has been summoned to give testimony to its national loyalty. The graves of young Americans into answered the call to service surround the globe.
Now the trumpet summons us again-not as a call to bear arms, though, arms we need, not as a call to battle, though embattled we are; but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out, "rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation," a, struggle against the common en­emies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself.
Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join me in this historic effort?
In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility; I welcome it I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it, and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.
And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
My Fellow citizens of the world ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.
185.        In the speech, Kennedy paints a picture of the United States as a nation that is
a.     longing to return to the past
b.    on the brink of world war
c.     struggling to survive
d.    the leading defender of freedom
186.        One of the purposes of the speech is to motivate listeners to
a.     serve their country
b.    enlist in the armed forces
c.     prepare themselves for battle
d.    preserve the right to bear arms
187.        The speech is characterized by all of the following stylistic devices EXCEPT
a.     the use of the personal pronouns we and us to build rapport with listeners
b.    catchy turns of phrase in which subjects and objects are inverted
c.     a standard, predictable rhythm and the use of rhyme
d.    the repetition of key words
188.        The tone of the speech can BEST be characterized as
a.     sad                               c. light-hearted
b.    uplifting                                    d. sarcastic

Situation 3 - Below is a Biographical sketch of an American movies writer:

How Did Elvis Presley Achieve Recognition
Success often comes to those with humble beginnings, Elvis Aron Presley was born on Janu­ary 8, 1935, in Tupelo, Mississippi. He first sang in a church choir and taught himself to play the guitar, but he never learned to read music. By 1953, he had moved to Memphis, Tennessee, gradu­ated from high school, and enrolled in night school to become an electrician. That year, at Sun Records, Presley recorded a personal record for his mother, a song that was heard by the company's president. As a result of the president's recognition, Presley's first record, "That's all Right, Mama," was out in 1954.
He toured the South, and in 1955 five of his records were released simultaneously. His first national television appearance was that year on Jackie Gleason's "The Stage Show," but Presley became known for his appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show," where the young singer gyrated as he sang "rock n' roll" music. During the live television performance, Presley was photographed only from the waist up because his motions were considered obscene.
"Elvis the Pelvis" began his film career in 1956 with LOVE ME TENDER and signed a long ­term film contract. The movie critics were not always kind, but teenagers flocked to Presley's films. Within a few short years, Presley had established a career that would span twenty-five years of ups and downs and make him one of the most popular entertainers in history. Long after his untimely death at age 42, Presley would be remembered as "The King of Rock n' Roll”

189.        The author uses the phrase ups and downs to refer to Presley's
a.     gyrations as he performed
b.    increasing and decreasing finances
c.     successes and disappointments in his career
d.    use of drugs, "uppers and downers"
190.        The statement that "success often comes to those with humble beginnings" would apply best to which of the following figures?
a.     Ramon Magsaysay        c. Corazon C. Aquino
b.    Gloria M. Arroyo            d. Joseph E. Estrada
191.        The main idea of the sketch is that
a.     singers are more successful if they appear in films
b.    there has always been obscenity on television
c.     opportunity and luck are often as important as hard work
d.    celebrities are usually more famous after their death
192.        The last sentence reveals that the author's attitude toward Presley is one of
a.     indifference       c. disbelief
b.    admiration         d. disgust

Situation 4 - The poem below is entitled "Suburban Prophecy" which is written by Howard Nemerov.

On Saturday, the power-mowers' whine
Begins the morning. Over this neighbourhood
Rises the keening, petulant voice, begin
Green oily teeth to chatter and munch the cud.
Monsters, crawling the carpets of the world,
Still send from underground against your blades
The roots of things battalions green and curled
And tender, that will match your blades with blades
Till the revolted throats shall strangle on .
The tickle of their dead, till straws shall break
Crankshafts like camels, and the sun go down
On dinosaurs in swamps. A night attack
Follows and by the time the Sabbath dawns
All armored beasts are eaten by their lawns.

193.        How long does the action of the poem take place?
a.     A week                                     c. An afternoon
b.    Twenty-four horns          d. A morning
194.        The poet's use of words such as whine, voice, teeth, chatter and munch is to suggest that the power-mowers are
a.     very powerful    c. like cows
b.    alive                 d. green
195.        To what does the phrase "your blades" in line 8 refer?
a.     Lawmowers                   c. Carpets
b.    Roots                           d. Monsters
196.        The imagery in the first stanza appeals to the reader's sense of
a.     sight    b. touch   c. smell    d. hearing

Situation 5 - Ang sumusunod ay isang talumpati na may pamagat na SA KABATAAN na sinulat ni Onofre Pagsanghan.

Isa sa mga salitang napag-aralan natin sa wikang Pilipino ay ang salitang NABANSOT.
Kapang ang isang bagay daw ay dapat pang lumaki ngunit ito'y tumigil na sa paglaki, ang bagay na ito raw ay NABANSOT. Marami raw uri ng pagkabansot ngunit ay pinakamalungkot na uri raw ay ang pagkabansot ng isipan, ng puso at ng diwa.
Ang panahon ng kabataan ay panahon ng paglaki, ngunit ang ating paglaki ay kailangang paglaki, at pag-unlad ng ating buong katauhan, hindi lamang ng ating sukat at timbang. Kung ga-­po
ste man ang ating taas at ga-pison man ang ating bigat ngunit kung ang pag-iisip naman nati'y ga-kulisap lamang kay pangit na kabansutan. Kung tumangkad man tayong tangkad-kawayan at bumilog man tayong bilog-tapayan, ngunit kung tayo nama'y tulad ni "bondying" ay di mapagkatiwalaan-anong laking kakulangan. Kung magkakatawan tayong katawang "Tarzan" at mapatalas ang ating isipang sintalas ng kay Rizal, ngunit kung ang ating kalooban nama'y itim na duwende ng kasamaan-anong kapinsalaan para sa kinabukasan.
Kinabukasan, kabataan, tayo raw ang pag-asa ng Inang Bayan. Tayo raw ang maghahatid sa kanya sa langit ng kasaganaan at karangalan o hihils sa kanya sa putik ng kahirapan at kahihiyan. Ang panahon ng pagkilos ay ngayon, hindi bukas, hindi sa isang taon. Araw-araw ay tumutuwid tayong palangit or bumabaluktod tayong paputik. Tamang-tama ang sabi ng ating mga ninunong kung ano raw ang kinamihasnan ay siyang pagkakatandaan. Huwag nating akalaing makapagpapabaya tayo ng ating pag-aaral ngayon at sa araw ng bukas ay bigla tayong magiging mga dalubhasang magpapaunlad sa bayan. Huwag nating akalaing makapaglulublob tayo ngayon sa kalaswaaan at kahalayan at sa mahiwagang araw ng bukas sigla tayong magiging ulirang mga magulang.
Kabataan, tunay na pag-ibig sa bayan, ang tunay na nasyonalismo, ay wala sa tamis ng pangarap wala rin sa pagpag ng dila. Ang tunay na pag-ibig ay nasa pawis ng gawa.
197.        Sa alin makikita ang tunay na NASYONALlSMO?
a.     Diwa     b. Gawa    c. Sulat    d. Salita
198.        Alin salita ang paulit-ulit na binabanggit ni Onofre Pagsanghan?
a.     Nabansot                      c. Kabataan
b.    Bayan                           d. Kung
199.        Bakit di dapat tumangkad tulad ni "bondying"?
a.     Di ito magpakakatiwalaan c. May kakulangan ito
b.    Di totoo ito                   d. Magulo kasi ito
200.        Alin sa mga sumusunod ang mensahe ng talumpati?
a.     Ang mataas na paniniwala at taimtim na pananalig ay kailangang taglayin upang ang hangarin sa buhay ay ating kamtin.
b.    Ang panahon ng kabataan ay panahon ng paglaki at pagbabagong makabuluhan.
c.     Ang gawa ang siyang sukat ng kadakilaan.
d.    Ang kabataan ay siyang pag-asa ng bayan.

“The three great things in the world are a mountain, the ocean, and a man at his work. The potentialities each are beyond human calculation



  1. b
  2. d
  3. d
  4. b
  5. d
  6. c
  7. d
  8. d
  9. c
  10. b
  11. b
  12. d
  13. a
  14. a
  15. b
  16. d
  17. a
  18. b
  19. d
  20. a
  21. c
  22. b
  23. d
  24. c
  25. c
  26. b
  27. c
  28. d
  29. a
  30. c
  31. d
  32. a
  33. a
  34. a
  35. b
  36. a
  37. d
  38. a
  39. a
  40. a
  41. a
  42. a
  43. a
  44. a
  45. b
  46. b
  47. d
  48. c
  49. d
  50. a

  1. c
  2. a
  3. a
  4. b
  5. c
  6. b
  7. a
  8. d
  9. d
  10. d
  11. b
  12. b
  13. a
  14. c
  15. c
  16. e
  17. c
  18. c
  19. a
  20. a
  21. a
  22. a
  23. d
  24. a
  25. a
  26. a
  27. a
  28. a
  29. a
  30. a
  31. a
  32. a
  33. a
  34. c
  35. a
  36. e
  37. b
  38. d
  39. b
  40. a
  41. a
  42. a
  43. a
  44. c
  45. a
  46. a
  47. a
  48. a
  49. a
  50. d

  1. a
  2. a
  3. c
  4. c
  5. b
  6. b
  7. c
  8. b
  9. a
  10. c
  11. c
  12. b
  13. c
  14. c
  15. d
  16. c
  17. c
  18. d
  19. b
  20. c
  21. d
  22. d
  23. b
  24. d
  25. a
  26. d
  27. b
  28. c
  29. d
  30. a
  31. c
  32. a
  33. b
  34. c
  35. c
  36. c
  37. a
  38. b
  39. c
  40. c
  41. a
  42. d
  43. a
  44. b
  45. d
  46. b
  47. d
  48. d
  49. a
  50. a

  1. d
  2. a
  3. c
  4. d
  5. d
  6. b
  7. b
  8. a
  9. b
  10. a
  11. c
  12. b
  13. b
  14. d
  15. b
  16. a
  17. b
  18. b
  19. c
  20. b
  21. b
  22. b
  23. c
  24. d
  25. a
  26. a
  27. c
  28. d
  29. c
  30. b
  31. c
  32. b
  33. a
  34. a
  35. d
  36. a
  37. d
  38. b
  39. c
  40. a
  41. c
  42. b
  43. b
  44. a
  45. a
  46. d
  47. b
  48. a
  49. c
  50. B

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