PHILOSOPHIES IN EDUCATION QUESTIONS AND ANSWER KEYS




PHILOSOPHIES IN EDUCATION





APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENT PHILOSOPHIES IN EDUCATION
NATURALISM
o Naturalism stands for a democratic and universal way-everyone must be educated in the same manner
o Education is in accordance to human development and growth
o Emphasis is given more on the physical development-informal exercise-and hygiene of the person rather of the 3 R’s
o Aims to unfold the child’s potential not to prepare him for a definite vocation or social position-but to prepare him to adapt to the changing times and needs
o Consequently, one’s conduct is governed by impulse, instincts and experience.
o It puts the child at the center of educational process and prepares him to experience life as it is.
IDEALISM
o Ideas are the only true reality, the ultimate truths for matter is nothing but just a mere representation of ideas.
o Emphasis is given on knowledge obtained by speculation and reasoning for its central tenet is that ideas are the only things worth knowing for
o Focus is on conscious reasoning of the mind in order to attain truth. This includes the activities pertinent to the human mind such as introspection and intuition and the use of logic
o Its aim is to discover the full potentials in child and cultivates it in order to prepare him for a better position in the society and for him to serve the society better
o Emphasis is given on subjects—philosophy, literature, religion and history—that will develop and enhance the mind of the child
o Methods used in teaching include lecture, discussion and Socratic dialogue
o Character development is through emulation of examples and heroes
REALISM
o The most effective way to find about reality is to study it through organized, separate and systematically arranged matter—emphasis is on subject matter concerning Science and Mathematics
o Methods used in teaching include recitation, experimentation and demonstration
o Character development is through training in the rules of conduct
EXIXTENTIALISM
o Subject matter is personal choice
o Learning is based on the willingness of the student to choose and give meaning to the subject
o Emphasis is given on the students rather than on the curriculum content
o Students should not be treated as objects to be measured and standardized
o Methods are geared on giving opportunities for the students for self-actualization and self-direction
o Character development is through the responsibility of every individual in making a decision
ESSENTIALISM
o Schooling is practical for this will prepare students to become competent and valuable members of the society
o Focuses on the basics-reading, writing, speaking and the ability to compute (arithmetic)
o Subjects that are given emphasis include geography, grammar, reading, history, mathematics, art and hygiene
o Stresses the values of hard work, perseverance, discipline and respect to authorities
o Students should be taught to think logically and systematically-grasping not just the parts but the whole
o Methods of teaching center on giving regular assignments, drills, recitation, frequent testing and evaluation
PRAGMATISM
o Involves students to work in groups
o Methods of teaching include experimentation, project making and problem solving.
o Stresses on the application of what have learned rather that the transfer of the organized body of knowledge
PERENNIALISM
o Some of the ideas in the past are still being taught because they are significant
o Curriculum should contain cognitive subjects that cultivate rationality, morality, aesthetics and religious principles. This includes history, language, mathematics, logic, literature, humanities and science.
o Curriculum must be based on recurrent themes of human life for it views education as a recurring process based on eternal truths
o The teacher must have the mastery of the subject matter and authority in exercising it.
o Aims for the education of the rational person—to develop man’s power of thought—the central aim of this philosophy
PROGRESSIVISM
o Focuses on the child as a whole rather than of the content or the teacher
o Curriculum content comes from the questions and interests of the students
o Emphasis is given on the validation of ideas by the students through active experimentation
o Methods of teaching include discussions, interaction (teacher with students) and group dynamics
o Opposes the extreme reliance on bookish method of instruction, learning through memorization, the use of fear and punishment and the four walled philosophy of education
CONSTRUCTIVISM
o A philosophy of learning which asserts that reality does not exist outside of human conceptions. It is the individual who constructs reality by reflecting on his own experience and gives meaning to it.
o Learning is the process of adjusting one’s mental modes to accommodate new experience.
RECONSTRUCTIVISM
o Schools should originate policies and progress that will bring social reforms and orders
o Teachers should be an instrument to encourage and lead students in the program or social reforms
o Curriculum emphasizes on social reforms as the aim of education. It focuses on student experience and taking social actions on real problems
o Method of teaching include the problem-oriented type (students are encouraged to critically examine cultural heritage), group discussions, inquiry, dialogues, interactions and community-based learning
o The classroom will serve as a laboratory in experimenting school practices “bringing the world into the classroom”
BEHAVIORISM
o Asserts that human beings are shaped entirely by their external environment
o The only reality is the physical world
NATIONALISM
o The most important development was the creation of common language
o Stresses on the teaching of the principles of democracy, and duties of citizenship
o Stimulates the development of the state which includes the control and support of public school system
o Curriculum includes the teaching of grammar, geography and history
o Method of teaching gives emphasis on the content regarding on nature studies, physical exercises and play activities
HUMANISM
o Education is a process and should not be taken abruptly. The unfolding of human character proceeds with unfolding of nature
o The learner should be in control of his destiny
o Concern is more on methods which include theme writing rather than oral discussions, drills and exercises, playing
o Asserts the importance of playing in the curriculum
o Emphasizes motivations and the use of praise and rewards
o Curriculum includes subjects concerning literary appreciation, physical education, social training in manners and development.
GOOD DAY FUTURE LET TAKERS.. SHARING MY GEN.ED (ENGLISH) REVIEWER..WITH KEY ANSWERS:

..GOODLUCK PO!

LET Reviewer for GENED: English Part 1

1. Robert Frost wrote the poem Acquainted with the Night from which the stanza is taken:

I have been one acquainted with the night.
I have walked out in rain-back in rain.
I have out walked the farthest city light

The poet in the stanza talks of?
a. isolation and loneliness
b. joy getting out of the house
c. youthful delight playing in the rain
d. happiness in having been acquainted with the night
Answer: A

2. Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this sentence? Researchers also speculate that some teachers might have given boys more computer time because parents and teachers expected boys to need computers for future careers.
a. expected
b. expecting
c. will expect
d. will have expected
Answer: D

3. The wounded soldiers were visited by the president who honoured them with ____ for their _____.
a. medals – valor
b. gun salute – bravery
c. appointments – dedication
d. money – sacrifice
Answer: A

4. Every June, Manila has its festival of outstanding Filipino films. This was a project initiated by
a. Arsenio Lacson
b. German Moreno
c. Antonio Villegas
d. Ramon Bagatsing
Answer: C

5. Which among the sounds below is voiceless?
a. /b/
b. /z/
c. /g/
d. /p/
Answer: D

6. “Only the heart can see rightly.” This statement is lifted from what particular novel?
a. The Prince and the Pauper
b. The Little Prince
c. The Right One
d. The Pearl
Answer: B

7. He was the American President who said, “Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.”
a. Gerald Ford
b. Franklin Roosevelt
c. Henry Truman
d. John F. Kennedy
Answer: D

8. History is the witness that ______ passing of time.
a. testifies
b. will testify
c. testifies for
d. testifies for the
Answer: D

9. When I met Liza yesterday, it was the first time I _____ her since Christmas.
a. saw
b. had seen
c. have seen
d. have been seen
Answer: D

10. The commander ordered his men to hold on the fort. What was the message?
a. Surrender in arms
b. Keep on with the fight
c. Disregard the peace negotiation
d. Rescue the hostage victims fast and early
Answer: B

11. “She is a vision of feminine pulchritude.” This stands for the following EXCEPT
a. Loveliness
b. Comeliness
c. Homeliness
d. Physical beauty
Answer: C

12. The Nibelungenlied is a
a. Latin Myth
b. Chinese legend
c. Russian folk song
d. Medieval German epic
Answer: D

13. An association wherein the name of something is substituted by something that represents it.
a. Metonymy
b. Comparison
c. Euphemism
d. Personification
Answer: A

14. Because the moon rotates on its axis at the same time as it ______ around the earth, we see the same side
a. Revolve
b. Revolves
c. Is revolving
d. Has been revolving
Answer: B

15. In English verse, a poetic foot having 1 stressed syllable followed by 1 unstressed syllable is ______.
a. Trochaic
b. Iambic
c. Dactylic
d. Anapaestic
Answer: A

16. Senators were accused by activists of washing their hands with the perfumes of Arabia. This state is commonly known as
a. Guilt
b. Triumph
c. Indecision
d. Aggression
Answer: A
17. It is a collection of religious poetry written by Rabindranath Tagore.
a. Mahabharata
b. Gitanjali
c. The Ramayana
d. Bhagavad Gita
Answer: B

18. I suggest that he _____ in the room for one week.
a. Stay
b. Stayed
c. Staying
d. Stays
Answer: A

19. The manager told his workers, “We have to reduce our workforce.” What did he mean?
Workers are free to leave
Workers are warned of possible lay off
Workers have to double time on their jobs
Workers should submit themselves to a reducing gym
Answer: B

20. The parent remarked, “__________ I come late, just lock the door.”
a. In the absence
b. In the process
c. In the event
d. In the case
Answer: C

21. The copyreader found the news story boring. He found it full of _____.
a. Adjectives
b. Verbs
c. Pronouns
d. Adverbs
Answer: C

22. There were three guests on the stage. They were made up of a parent, the governor and the principal. Who should be acknowledged first by the valedictorian?
a. The classmates
b. The principal
c. The governor
d. The parent
Answer: C

23. What is suggested in the opening line? June 13, 1986 - they came from all over America - 200,000 heroes strong, with their families.
a. The writer holds great admiration for the veterans
b. The writer is opposed to the Vietnam War
c. The writer was a veteran of the war
d. The writer is a flag-waving patriot
Answer: A

24. A readability mismatch happens when the reading levels of books exceed the reading levels of the students. In this situation, the students experience frustration and they fall short of the expected or desired output. A student who finds himself/ herself in such a mismatch will likely do which of the following?
a. Give an intelligent critique of the selection or story read
b. Write a comprehensive reaction paper regarding the selection or story read
c. Present an argument that the selection or story read was not properly written
d. Manifest an expected and commensurate emotional reaction to the selection or story read
Answer: C

25. What does this mean: Excuses are for losers… those who take responsibility for their actions are real winners in life. This tells of?
a. losers often fail because they find reasons for losing
b. a winner can also be a quitter
c. accountability of one’s action tells of bravery
d. excuses are needed to justify any failure
Answer: C

26. A couple accepted a wedding invitation. They showed pleasure in these remarks
a. All guests congratulated the organizers and the couple
b. Guests came in and out of the ceremonies
c. The ceremonies were very impressive
d. The couple felt uneasy with the priest
Answer: C

27. What correction should be made to this sentence?
One of the theories is that the first child receives more of the parents' attention than other children so first-borns tend to be more intellectual.
a. Change is to are
b. Insert a comma after children
c. Change parents' to parent's
d. Change theories to theory's
Answer: B

28. Carl Sundburg wrote "Jazz Fantasia" which has for its first stanza:

Drum on your drums, batter on your banjos, sob on the long cool winding saxophones. Go to it, O jazzmen.
Which words illustrate alliteration?
a. Batter and banjos
b. Sob and winding
c. Long and cool
d. To and it
Answer: A

29. What is meant by AT SIXES AND SEVENS in this sentence?

We moved into the house last week, but I'm afraid everything, is still at sixes and sevens.
a. The things have not been shipped.
b. In a state of confusion
c. In an orderly manner
d. The boxes are still intact
Answer: B
30. What is the mood of these lines?

Daylight, I must wait for the sunrise
I must think of a new life
And I mustn't give in.
When the dawn comes
tonight will be a memory, too
And a new day will begin.
a. Afraid
b. Sarcastic
c. Depressed
d. Hopeful
Answer: D
📌The Philippine National Hero:
Dr. Jose Rizal
📌The Great Plebian: Andres Bonifacio

📌The Father of the Katipunan: Andres Bonifacio

📌Hero of the Tirad Pass Battle: Gregorio Del Pilar

📌President of the First Philippine Republic:
General Emilio Aguinaldo

📌Brains of the Philippine Revolution: Apolinario
Mabini

📌Martyred Priests in 1872: GOMBURZA

📌Brain of the Katipunan: Emilio Jacinto

📌Co-founder of La Independencia: General
Antonio Luna

📌Mother of Balintawak: Melchora Aquino
Tandang Sora: Melchora Aquino

📌Greatest Filipino Orator of the Propaganda
Movement: Graciano Lopez- Jaena

📌First Filipino Cannon-maker: Pandar Pira

📌Managing Editor of La Solidaridad: Mariano
Ponce

📌Lakambini of Katipunan: Gregoria de Jesus

📌Poet of the Revolution: Fernando Ma. Guerrero

📌Outstanding Diplomat of the First Philippine
Republic: Felipe Agoncillo

📌First University of the Philippines President:
Rafael Palma

📌Greatest Filipino Painter: Juan Luna

📌Greatest Journalist of the Propaganda
Movement: Marcelo H. del Pilar

📌First Filipino Poetess: Leona Florentino

📌Peace of the Revolution: Pedro Paterno

📌Founder of Philippine Socialism: Isabelo Delos
Reyes

📌Viborra: Artemio Ricarte

📌Author of the Spanish lyrics of the Philippine
National Anthem: Jose Palma

📌Chief of Tondo: Lakandola

📌The Last Rajah of Manila: Rajah Soliman

📌Fiancée of Jose Rizal: Leonor Rivera

📌Maker of the First Filipino Flag: Marcela
Agoncillo

📌Co-founder of Katipunan: Galicano Apacible

📌Leader of the Ilocano Revolt: Diego Silang

📌First Filipino Hero: Lapu-lapu

📌Leader of the Longest Revolt in Bohol: Francisco
Dagohoy

📌The Man of Many Talents: Epifanio Delos Santos

📌Prince of Tagalog Poets: Francisco Baltazar

📌Visayan Joan of Arc: Teresa Magbanua

📌Mother of Biak-na-Bato: Trinidad Tecson

📌Wife of Artemio Ricarte: Agueda Esteban

📌Leader of the Tarlac Revolt: Gen. Francisco
Makabulos

📌Composer of the Philippine National Anthem:
Julian Felipe

📌Spaniards born in the Philippines: Insulares

📌Leader of Magdalo: Baldomero Aguinaldo

📌Leader of Magdiwang: Mariano Alvarez

📌Founder of La Liga Filipina: Jose Rizal

📌Painter of the Spolarium: Juan Luna
Professional Education
(Proponents)
------------------------------
1. Welhelm Wundt=Father of modern psychology

2. Sigmund Freud=Father of psychoanalysis,
psycho sexual Theory

3. Johann Heinrich=Father of education and
pedagogy

4. Ivan Pavlov=classical conditioning

5. Burrhus F. Skinner=operant conditioning(in
strument)

6. Edward Lee Thorndike=Law of learning (law of
readiness, law of exercise & law of effect)

7. Albert Bandura=social cognitive learning
theory(Modelling)

8. David Ausubel=meaningful learning

9. Jerome Bruner=Discovery Learning,Spiral
Curriculum

10. Wolfgang,Kohler, Kurt Kuffka,Max
Wertheimer=Gestalt Theory

11. Kurt Levin=life space concept

12. Kohler=problem solving by Insight

13. Urie Brofenbrenner=Ecological Theory

14. Sandra Bem=Gender Schema Theory

15. Howard Gardner=Theory of multiple
intelligence

16. Elliot Turriel=Social Domain Theory

17. Robert Sternberg=TriarchicTheory
Intelligence

18. Lawrence Kohlberg=Moral Development
Theory

19. Erik Erikson=Psychosocial Development
Theory

20. Ma. Montessori= Transfer of Learning

21. Edward Paul Torrance=Creative Problem
Solving

22. Chomsky=Linguistic Aquisition Development
(LAD)

23. Jean Piaget=Cognitive Learning Theory

24. John Watson=Behavioral Theory

25. Edward Tolman=Purposive Behaviorism

26. Bernard Weiner=Attribution Theory

27. Daniel Goleman=Emotional Intelligence
28. Ebbinghaus = law of forgetting
29. John locke = association
30. Thorndike = belongingness
31. Peterson = intent to know
32. Weiner = attribution theory
33. David McClelland = need achievement theory
34. Murray = need achievement
35. Victor Vroom = expectancy theory
36. Vygotsky = sociocultural theory/ ZPD
(C)
Filipinos Heroes 👈
Andres Bonifacio-- the great plebian and father of katipunan
General Gregorio del Pilar--Hero of the Battle of Tirad Pass
Apolinario Mabini-- Sublime Paralytic and Brains of the Revolution
Mariano Ponce-- Propagandist,Historian,Diplomat and Managing Editor of La Solidaridad
Gregorio de Jesus-- Lakambini of Katipunan and Wife of Andres Bonifacio
GOMBURZA-- martyred Priest of 1872
Emilio Jacinto-- Brains of the Katipunan
General Antonio Luna-- cofounder of La Independencia
Melchora Aquino-- (Tandang Sora) Mother of Balintawak
Juan Luna-- Greatest Filipino Painter
Pedro Paterno-- Peacemaker of the Revolution
Isabelo delos Reyes-- Founder of Philippines Socialism
Jose Palma-- Wrote the Spanish Lyrics of the Philippines National Anthem
Leonor Rivera-- Vousin and Fiancee of Jose Rizal
Julian Felipe-- Composer of the Philippine National Anthem
Marcela Agoncillo-- Maker of the Filipino Flag
Galicano Apacible-- One of the founder of Katipunan
Jose Ma.Panganiban-- Bicolandias Greatest
Diego Silang-- Leader of the Ilocano Revolt.
Rizal and other Heroes
Mi ultimo adios--ang huling paalam
Sa aking Mga Kabata--8 yrs old-- urging love of native language
A La Juventud Filipina--18yrs old/ to the Filipino Youth
Mi Retiro( My Retreat)--response to a request from his mother
Mi Primera Inspiraccion-- My first inspiration; dedicated to his mother
A Las Flores de Heidelberg-- attended lecture courses in the University of Heidelberg.
Decree of Dec 20,1898-- Emilio Aguinaldo devlared Dec.30, of every year a day of National Mourning in honor of Dr. Jose Rizal and other victims of the Philippines Revolt.
Rizal Law or R.A. 1425-- all public schools and private schools ,colkeges and universities courses on life works and writings of Jose Rizal particularly his novels Noli Mw Tangere and El Felibusterismo
Noli Me Tangere-- Socio- historical novel but not fiction; Dedicated to his Inang Bayan,the Philippines; Romantic Novel" work of the heart";
Passionate expose about evils of the Spanish friars in the Philippine; Crisostomo Ibarra -- for "reformation".
El Felibusterismo-- A political novel; Book of thought,work of the head
Rizal dedicated this book to Gonburza,the three martyr priest; Rizal predicted the coming of the revolution; Simon-- for "revolution"
GOOD DAY LET TAKERS: HERE'S THE GEN ED (FILIPINO) REVIEWER WITH KEY ANSWERS. HOPE THIS WOULD HELP YOU.

GOODLUCK!

LET Reviewer for General Education GENED: Filipin.

1. Sinabi ni Carlos P. Romulo sa isa niyang akda, “Ang Pilipino ay may dugong maharlika.” Ano ang kahulugan nito?
a. Ang Pilipino ay nanggaling sa malayang lahi
b. Ang Pilipino ay sadyang mabuti ang budhi.
c. Ang Pilipino ay galing sa mayamang lahi
d. Ang Pilipino ay madaling maipagbili
Answer: A

2. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang pinakatamang pangungusap?
a. Ang mga kabataan sa lansangan ay naglalaro at nagtatakbuhan sa lansangan.
b. Ang kabataan ay naglalaro kung maliwanag ang buwan at nagtatakbuhan sa lansangan.
c. Ang mga kabataan ay naglalaro at nagtatakbuhan sa lansangan kung maliwanag ang gabi.
d. Ang mga kabataan kung maliwanag ang buwan ay nagtatakbuhan sa lansangan at naglalaro.
Answer: C

3. Piliin ang gawi ng pagsasalita: Kasiyahan ko nang makitang kayo’y nagmamahalan.
a. Pangarap
b. Pagkontrol ng kilos
c. Pagkuha ng impormasyon
d. Pagbabahagi ng damdamin
Answer: D

4. Ang kaugnayan ng pagkakapatay kina Burgos, Gomez at Zamora sa panitikang Pilipino ay
a. Nanatiling masigla ang diwang Pilipino
b. Nakagising sa damdaming makabayan ng mga Pilipino
c. Natutong lumabag sa batas at lumaban sa may kapangyarihan ang mga Pilipino
d. Naimpluwensyahan ang diwang alipin ng mga Pilipino
Answer: B

5. Laging UMUUKILKIL sa isipan ng ama ang nasirang pangako ng anak.
a. Sumasagi
b. Gumugulo
c. Bumubuhay
d. Sumasapi
Answer: B

6. Ang Kagawaran ng Ugnayang Panlabas ng Pilipinas ay gulong-gulo kapag may giyera sa ibang bansa. Ano ang unang ginagampanan ng ambassador ng bansa?
a. Bilangin ang mga nasugatan at nasawi
b. Alamin ang mga tirahan ng mga Pilipino sa bayang iyon.
c. Ipunin ang mga maykaya at ipalipad pauwi.
d. Bayaang magsipag-uwian sa sariling sikap ang bawat isa
Answer: B

7. Ano ang pokus ng pandiwa sa pahayag na “Bumili ng bagong sasakyan si Angelo”?
a. Pokus sa direksyon
b. Pokus sa kagamitan
c. Pokus sa sanhi
d. Pokus sa aktor
Answer: D
8. Kabaliwan at paglulustay ang inyong ginagawa taon-taon. Higit na marami ang maralitang nangangailangan ng salapi at dunong. Ang nagsasalita aya. Kuripot
b. Matipid
c. Maramot
d. Praktikal
Answer: D

9. Nasa anong kaganapan ng pandiwa ang pangungusap?
Naglaro ng basketball sa Rizal Stadium ang koponan ng aming pamantasan.
a. Sanhi
b. Tagaganap
c. Kagamitan
d. Ganapan
Answer: D

10, Sa aling salita magkakaroon ng saglit na paghinto kung pinagpipilitang si Rose ang nakabasag ng pinggan?
Hindi si Rose ang nakabasag ng pinggan.
a. Rose
b. Hindi
c. Nakabasag
d. Pinggan
Answer: B

11. Anong tayutay ang tinutukoy sa pahayag.
Durog ang katawang bumagsak sa semento si Miguel.
a. Pagtutulad
b. Pagbibigay katauhan
c. Pagmamalabis
d. Pagwawangis
Answer: C
12. Sino ang pinagkalooban ng karangalan bilang “Unang Tunay na Makata” noong 1708?
a. Jose dela Cruz
b. Felipe de Jesus
c. Francisco Balagtas
d. Jose Corazon de Jesus
Answer: B

13. “Magtatrabaho ako at ikaw ay mag-aaral upang makatapos ka ng pag-aaral.” Anong uri ng pangungusap ito?
a. Payak
b. Tambalan
c. Hugnayan
d. Langkapan
Answer: D

14. Mag-aalas-singko na _____ umaga _____ magising siya.
a. ng – ng
b. nang – nang
c. ng – nang
d. nang – kapag
Answer: C

15. Ang butong tinangay ng aso, walang pagsalang nalawayan ito. Ang kaisipang ito ay tumutukoy sa katotohanan ng ______.
a. Pagnanakaw
b. Pagtatanan
c. Pagpapakasal
d. Pakikipagkaibigan
Answer: B

16. Anong uri ng pagbigkas ang salitang “dambuhala”?
a. Malumi
b. Mabilis
c. Maragsa
d. Malumay
Answer: A

17. Ang katawagan sa pangngalan, pang-abay, pang-uri at pandiwa ay?
a. Palabuuan
b. Pangkayarian
c. Pangnilalaman
d. Palaugnayan
Answer: C

18. Ang panukalang inihain niya ay lubhang malalim at mahirap arukin.
a. Abutin
b. Unawain
c. Sukatin
d. Tanggalin
Answer: B

19. Ang wikang Filipino ay hawig sa mga wika sa Asya. Alin dito ang pinagmulan ng wikang Filipino?
a. Bahasa
c. Nihonggo
d. Mandarin
d. Malayo-Polinesyo
Answer: D

20. Ano ang katumbas ng “Dekalogo” ni Apolinario Mabini na nagsasaad ng aral sa Filipino?
a. Mosaic Law
d. Code of Ethics ni Kalantiaw
c. New Society ni Pres. Marcos
d. Code of Citizenship ni Pres. Quezon
Answer: A

21. Siya ay hinirang na taga-sensus ng bahay-bahay. Ano ang kanyang nalikom?
a. Ang bilang ng tao sa bahay
b. Ang kayamanan ng may-bahay
c. Ang datos tungkol sa mga bata sa bawat bahay
d. Ang datos tungkol sa mga naninirahan sa bawat bahay
Answer: D

22. Kami ang kabataang siyang magiging pag-asa ng bayan. Paano ginamit ang salitang may salungguhit?
a. Pagtukoy
b. Pagpuri
c. Panghalip
d. Pagmamalaki
Answer: A

23. Walang tubig kahapon. Ito ay pangungusap na:
a. May paksa
b. Walang pandiwa
c. May panaguri
d. Walang paksa
Answer: D

24. Ipinagmamalaki mo siya, BAHAG naman pala ang kanyang BUNTOT. Ang ibig sabihin ng salitang may malaking titik ay:
a. Kuripot
b. Traydor
c. Duwag
d. Mahiyain
Answer: C

25. Sabihin ang gawi ng pananalitang ito: “Bawal tumawid, may namatay na dito!”
a. Pananakot
b. Pagtukoy
c. Babala
d. Paalala
Answer: C

26. Pinakamahalagang nobelang Pilipino sa maraming taon na nalimbag noong 1906 at tumalakay nang masinsinan sa paksang puhunan laban paggawa at sa sosyalismo ang _____.
a. Luha ng Buwaya
b. Banaag at Sikat
c. Ibong Mandaragit
d. Pangginggera
Answer: B

27. Ayon kay Balagtas, “ang laki sa layaw, karaniwa’y hubad” kaya ang mga bata ay
a. jeproks
b. nag-aartista
c. nakapagtatapos sa pag-aaral
d. hindi sumusunod sa magulang
Answer: D

28. Noong taong 1962, ano ang pagbabago sa paglimbag ng diploma at sertipiko ng pagtatapos?
a. Pinahihintutan ang pribadong paaralan na maglimbag sa wikang Ingles
b. Nilimbag sa Tagalog ang diploma sa di-Tagalog na bayan
c. Nilimbag sa Filipino ang diploma ngunit may Ingles
d. Nalimbag sa Filipino ang diploma
Answer: D

29. Ang gintong panahon ng mga manunulat noong panahon ng Amerikano ay batid sa uring
a. Sanaysay
b. Nobela
c. Panulaan
d. Maikling kwento
Answer: D

30. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang may wastong gamit ng tinig ng pandiwa?
a. Ang hinog na papaya na kinuha sa puno ni Marie. b. Kinuha ni Marie ang hinog na papaya sa puno.
c. Kinuha sa puno ang hinog na papaya ni Marie.
d. Papayang hinog ang kinuha sa puno ni Marie.
Answer: B
GENERAL SCIENCE with answer key.. 1-100
God Bless
POST – TEST
Multiple Choices:
1. These are living things that use sunlight, chlorophyll, water and carbon dioxide to produce food.
a. Autotrophs c. Heterotrophs
b. Consumers d. Food chain
2. It is describe as the lifeline of the body. IT is the body’s “pickup” and delivery system.”
a. Blood c. circulatory system
b. nervous system d. heart
3. It carries the oxygen-rich blood to the head, arms, and chest and down to the waist and the legs.
a. heart c. aorta
b. ventricles d. arteries
4. They are the transmitters of message from the different parts of the body to the brain and vice versa.
a. spinal cord c. brain
b. neurons or nerve cells d. arteries
5. Which part of the brain controls the following activities: breathing, blood pressure, heart rate, alertness?
a. brainstem c. cerebrum
b. hypothalamus d. spinal cord
6. Refers to a sequence of organism in a community that constitutes a feeding chain.
a. photosynthesis c. consumers
b. ecosystem d. food chain
7. Is a group of interacting plants, animals and human in a particular area?
a. ecological community c. living organism
b. environment d. food chain
8. Excessive presence of carbon dioxide in the air, trapping heat near the earth’s surface causing a rise in temperature in the environment.
a. El Nino c. Deforestation
b. “Greenhouse Effect” d. Weather disturbance
9. The Earth’s shield against sun’s harmful radiation.
a. Atmosphere c. Ozone layer
b. Air d. Forest
10. The use of product containing ______ is discouraged because they contribute to the depletion of_____.
a. Chlorofluorocarbon-solar radiation
b. Gas-ozone layer
c. Ozone layer air
d. Chlorofluorocarbon-ozone layer
11. What causes high and low tides?
a. Earth’s rotation on its axis
b. Moon’s gravitational pull
c. Sun’s solar energy
d. Earth’s gravitational pull
12. How is coral a tool formed?
a. Volcanic eruption
b. Corals growing around a volcanic island
c. Underwater bedrock formations
d. Earthquake
13. What is a long shore drift?
a. Movement of sand and shingles along the coast
b. Sand bars
c. Accumulation of sad at the river mouth
d. Island formed by volcanic eruptions
14. How does an occlusion form?
a. Cold air moving up from the ground
b. Cold front pushing warm air up of the ground
c. Unbalance electrical reaction in the air
d. Cold and warm air mixing in the atmosphere
15. What is a eat haze?
a. A reflection caused by pollutants in the air
b. A distorted image resulting from the bending o sun’s light rays by changes in air temperature
c. A movement o warm air over a vast expanse of land
d. Caused by extremely high temperature common in dessert areas
16. What sort of rock formation do the world’s greatest mountain ranges consist of?
a. Magma c. Fold eruptions
b. Chalk deposit d. Slip formation
17. What is the fore that wears down mountains?
a. Earthquake c. Volcanic eruptions
b. Erosion d. Deforestation
18. How are volcanic island formed?
a. Collision of two oceanic plates
b. Cooling of lava by seawater
c. Volcanic eruptions
d. Accumulation of corals
19. When the Theory of plate Tectonics was generally accepted?
a. 1900’s c. 1950’s
b. 1930’s d. 1980’s
20. The weathering away of rocks by water, wind and ice.
a. Denudation c. Volcanic rock
b. Erosion d. Metamorphic rock
21. How do hormones work?
a. By releasing adrenaline
b. By controlling cell chemistry
c. By regulating water loss
d. By controlling blood pressure
22. Name the male and female sex hormones
a. Sperm cell & Ovum c. Chromosomes
b. Testosterone d. Red & white blood cells
23. The unit of measurement of energy in a given an mount of food
a. Pound c. Olfactory system
b. Kilo d. calorie
24. Nitrogen compounds known as the building blocks of proteins
25. The growth of roots towards water is an example of?
a. Chemotropism c. Hydrotropism
b. Geotropism d. Phototropism
26. DNA means
a. Data nurturing analysis c. Deoxyribonucleic acid
b. Deoxytribonucleic acid d. Deotrixyl nucleic acid
27. What are the three products of oxygen when it has been burned?
a. Water, carbon dioxide and air
b. Energy, water and carbon dioxide
c. Energy, carbon and oxide
d. Energy, air and water
28. In flowering plants, fertilization happens in the?
a. Pollen tube c. Ovules
b. Stamen d. Pollen grain
29. The development of egg without fertilization
a. Mitosis c. Spermatogenesis
b. Parthenogenesis d. Mitochondria
30. Which of the following is a source of energy needed for photosynthesis?
a. Water c. Light
b. Soil d. Fertilizer
31. Chemistry is primarily concerned with the composition and changes of?
a. Nature c. Man
b. Matter d. Earth
32. A scientific theory is
a. A hypothesis not yet subjected to experimental test
b. An idea that correctly predict the result
c. An imagination
d. A guess
33. Which of the following units of measure is equivalent to cubic centimeter?
a. Milligram c. Millimeter
b. Milliliter d. Centiliter
34. Which of the following is NOT a compound?
a. acetic acid c. magnesium
b. alcohol d. Zinc Oxide
35. The easier the atom to receive electrons is measured by its?
a. Elecrtonegativity c. Number of shells
b. Atomic radius d. Valence electrons
36. The willingness o an atom to receive electron is measured by its?
a. Electronegativity c. Atomic size
b. Ionization potential d. Electron affinity
37. A molecule is said to be polar or dipole if?
a. Its positive and negative charges are at different places
b. It possesses polar bonds
c. Its’ polar bond have unsymmetrical charge distribution
d. All of the above
38. Which of the following is NOT a physical property of water?
a. freezing point at 0 degree C
b. boiling point at 100 degrees C
c. its’ heat of fusion at 80 cal/g.
d. its’ density at 4 degrees at 1 lb/cu. Ft
39. Which of the following statements is true?
a. Molecular weight does not influence boiling and melting point of a substance
b. Boiling and melting point tend to increase with molecular weight
c. Boiling and melting point tend to decrease with molecular weight
d. None o the above
40. A Mole is the amount of substance or a mass of a substance that contains?
a. 6.02 x 1023 particles c. 6.02 x 1023 particles
b. 60.2 x 1023 particles d. 60.2x 1023 particles
41. It is the measure of the amount of matter in an object
a. Weight c. Volume
b. Mass d. Quantity
42. It is the distance traveled by the body per unit time and tell how fast or slow the body moves
a. Velocity c. Acceleration
b. Speed d. None of the above
43. The rate of change of the distance traveled per unit time in a stated direction
a. Velocity c. Acceleration
b. Speed d. None of the above
44. This law states that the force acting upon an object is equal to the product o the mass and acceleration of the object
a. Newton’s 2nd law of motion
b. Newton’s 3rd law of motion
c. Newton’s 1st law of motion
d. None of the amount
45. When a force is applied to a body, several effects are possible. Which one of the following effect CAN”T occur?
a. the body rotates
b. the body changes direction
c. the body increase its mass
d. the body changes shape
46. It is the reluctance of the object to change either its’ state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line
a. Force c. Inertia
b. Friction d. Motion
47. This law states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed but only changes from one form to another
a. Energy law
b. Kinetic Theory of Matter
c. Law of Conservation Energy
d. None of the above
48. This law states that matter is made up of a large number of molecules which are in continuous motion
a. Boyles’s Law c. Law of Conservation Energy
b. Kinetic Theory d. None of the above
49. The lowest possible temperature that a substance can reach
a. Freezing point c. Steam point
b. Absolute Zero d. Threshold
50. It is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of kg. of a substance by degree C
a. Calorie c. Specific heat capacity
b. Watt d. Joule
51. The relationship of give-and-take of living organism in the biosphere is a balance of nature called________.
a. universal relationship
b. symbiotic relationship
c. spontaneous relationship
d. abiogenetic relationship
52. Process of removing excess odor in water.
a. sedimentation c. distillation
b. chlorination d. aeration
53. Which of the following statement is CORRECT?
a. As altitude increases, atmospheric pressures corresponding
b. Throughout the available space, gas tends to contract
c. Equal chances are always given to all in life
d. Shadow is formed when a colored object is projected against the wall
54. The earth rotates on its axis from west to east. This causes the sun to _______?
a. appear with a fiery orange color
b. cause the appearance of solar eclipse
c. rise room the east and sets in the west
d. emit solar radiation
55. One of these planets has the greatest gravitational pull. Which one is it?
a. Mars b. Earth c. Mercury d. Jupiter
56. It is the law which explains why one can pull a piece without topping a glass in a quick motion.
a. energy in motion c. law of inertia
b. gravity d. force
57. Which of the following is NOT a source of energy?
a. water c. geothermal heat
b. nuclear d. inertia at rest
58. Which instrument will one use to convert mechanical energy to electrical energy?
a. rotor b. generator c. motor d. circuit
59. Sun’s energy is generated by?
a. nuclear fission
b. sun enacting with gravity
c. nuclear fusion reaction
d. reaction with magnetic field
60. Application of energy is called _______?
a. work c. kinetics
b. inertia d. simulation
61. The falling of any form of water from the air to the earth’s surface
a. Condensation c. Water vapor
b. Precipitation d. Rainwater
62. The part of the atmosphere that filters the ultraviolet rays of the sun
a. stratosphere c. Ozone layer
b. Troposphere d. Ionosphere
63. The point in the earth’s orbit nearest to the sun
a. Solstice c. Aphelion
b. Eclipse d. Perihelion
64. A property of minerals which gives off rays of light when exposed to ultraviolet light.
a. Luminescence c. Radiation
b. Phosphorescence d. Fluorescence
65. Which process involves chemical weathering?
a. Carbonation c. Hydration
b. Oxidation d. All of the above
66. How long does it take for the earth to complete one rotation
a. 365 days c. 24 hours
b. 30 days d. 12 hours
67. What is the principal function of gravity in the universe?
a. Provision for energy
b. Keeps the stars and other heavenly bodies in orbit
c. Causes movement in space
d. Part of universal design
68. What does the word “monsoon” mean?
a. Moon will soon come c. Seasons
b. Rains d. Wet weather
69. Its’ discovery enable geologist to date rocks accurately
a. layering c. Radioactivity
b. Evolutionary staging d. Carbon-dating
70. It occurs when the earth is between the sun and the moon, with the earth’s shadow cast over the moon.
a. Total eclipse c. Eclipse
b. Lunar eclipse d. Partial Eclipse
71. Male and female reproductive part of a flower
a. Pollen grains and ovules c. Pollen grains and pistil
b. Stamen and pistil d. Stamen and ovules
72. In the human body, the cell that most nearly resembles a one-celled animals
a. Red Blood cell c. Nerve cell
b. White Blood cell d. Antibodies
73. The main energy source of a plant-eating animals
a. Glucose b. Starch c. Cellulose d. Glycogen
74. These are cellular secretions which help regulate the breakdown and buildup of various substance in the body
a. Enzymes c. Plasma
b. Amino Acids d. Hormones
75. It is the energy source of the cell which it uses for growing, reproducing and other activities
a. Adenosine Triphosphate c. Chloroplast
b. Amino Acids d. Sunlight
76. It is a segment of DNA molecule which controls the appearance of a given trait
a. Chromosomes c. Gametes
b. Genes d. Zygotes
77. Group of similar cells performing similar functions together
a. Organs b. System c. Nucleus d. Tissue
78. The diffusion of water through a semi permeable membrane
a. osmosis c. Transfusion
b. permeability d. Capillary
79. It shows the complex food relationship of organism in a given area and the cyclic flow of food through organisms
a. Food chain c. Food pyramid
b. Food web d. Biological cycle
80. Which of the following does NOT occur to both respiration and fermentation?
a. energy is released
b. sugar is broken down
c. carbon dioxide is produced
d. alcohol is formed
81. Energy removal is best illustrated in
a. boiling of liquid substances
b. changing water to ice
c. changing water to stem
d. none of the above
82. Refers to the maximum amount of solute expressed in grams that can be dissolved in 100 grams of water at a specific temperature
a. Solubility c. Molarity
b. Stability d. Molality
83. Compounds with the same molecular formula but with different structural formulas
a. Cellulose c. Polymers
b. Isomers d. Monomers
84. The most penetrating type of radiation given of by radioactive elements
a. Alpha particle c. Gamma particle
b. Beta particle d. None of the above
85. The basic unit for expressing the masses o individual atoms
a. Atomic number c. Nucleus
b. Atomic mass unit d. Atomic weight
86. A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a chemical change
a. catalyst c. Electrolytes
b. Enhancer d. Ionizer
87. The temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure of the surroundings atmosphere
a. Melting point c. Boiling Point
b. Critical point d. None of the above
88. the warming of the earth’s surface due to an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide
a. “Greenhouse effect” c. Atmospheric pressure
b. Ozone d. El Nino phenomena
89. Describe the force of gravity on an object
a. mass c. capacity
b. weight d. pressure
90. When gaseous molecules are compressed, they tend to?
a. increase in volume c. repel each other
b. decrease in volume d.attract and liquefy
91. It is the union of two light nucleus to form a heavier nucleus, resulting in a mass defect and release of energy
a. Radiation c. Nuclear Fusion
b. Nuclear Fission d. Radioactivity
92. Which of the following statements is a characteristic of an electronic spectrum?
a. They all travel at the same speed in fire space
b. The exhibit diffraction and interference phenomena
c. They follow the laws of refraction and reflection
d. All of the above
93. The term “RADAR” is derived from the phrase?
a. “Radiation Detection and Ranging “
b. “Radiation Diffusion and Ranging”
c. “Radio Diffraction and Resolution”
d. “Radiation Diffraction and Resolution”
94. A material whose ability to conduct electricity lies between those of conductors and insulators
a. Integrated Circuits c. Semiconductors
b. Silicon Chips d. Insulators
95. “LASER” is derived from the phrase?
a. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
b. Light Application by Simulated Emission of Radiation
c. Light Amplification by Simulated Ejection of Radiation
d. None of the above
96. What is the color of a transparent substance?
a. The color of the light it absorbs
b. The color of light it reflects
c. The color of light it transmit
d. The color of light it refracts
97. What is a rotating electromagnetic called?
a. Motor b. Rotor c. Phasor d. Sensor
98. What happens with the centripetal force when sped is doubled?
a. remains the same c. triples
b. force is increase 4x d. force is doubled
99. What is an electrochemical cell in which the reacting materials can be renewed by the use of reverse current
a. Storage cell c. Fuel cell
b. Primary cells d. Chemical cell
100. What will make an object move in a circular path?
a. Central force c. Frictional force
b. Gravitational d. Electromagnetic force
***** THE END *****
WORK HARD, DREAM HARDER
science and health
1 a 51 b
2 c 52 d
3 d 53 a
4 b 54 c
5 a 55 d
6 d 56 c
7 a 57 d
8 b 58 b
9 c 59 c
10 d 60 a
11 b 61 b
12 b 62 c
13 a 63 d
14 b 64 b
15 b 65 d
16 c 66 c
17 b 67 b
18 a 68 c
19 c 69 c
20 b 70 b
21 b 71 b
22 b 72 b
23 d 73 c
24 d 74 d
25 c 75 a
26 c 76 b
27 b 77 d
28 c 78 a
29 b 79 b
30 c 80 d
31 b 81 b
32 a 82 a
33 b 83 b
34 c 84 c
35 d 85 b
36 d 86 a
37 b 87 c
38 b 88 a
39 b 89 b
40 c 90 a
41 b 91 c
42 b 92 d
43 c 93 a
44 a 94 c
45 c 95 a
46 d 96 c
47 b 97 b
48 b 98 d
49 b 99 a
50 c 100 a

(Repost) 


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