PROF ED SUMMARY




PROF ED SUMMARY





PROF ED
PART 1: KOUNIN'S MGT MODEL (1970)
✔stimulus boundedness -- teacher's attention interrupted by extrateneous stimulus
✔Thrust -- teacher interrupts students engaged in activities w/o considering whether the student is ready or not.
✔Dangels -- teacher interrupts activity of student and return to it again.
✔Truncations -- teacher does not return to current act. after being interrupted.
✔Overdwelling -- teacher focuses on a certian topic that will lead to too much time consupmtion, the lesson will slow down.
✔Fragmentation -- chunks of lesson for students to understand his/her lesson effectively or breakibg down of act. to cause too much time.
✔Flip Flop -- teacher changes its activity from current activity to new one and vice versa
whenever he/she changes his/her mind.
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PART 2 PO.
THEORIES AND THEIR PROPONENTS
✔Wilhelm Woundt = german psycologist "founder of modern psychology.
✔Titchener = structuralism psychology
William james, G. Stanley Hall, James M. Cattell.... these three promote "functionalism psychology
✔Charles darwin = theories to mental characteristics as human think, feel & behave(" evolutionary psychology")
✔Herman Ebbinghaus = associationism psychology
✔Edwin Guthrie = (stimulus and response ) :; temporal conguity
✔Edward Lee Thorndike = "satisfaction" "the law of effect".
✔Ivan Pavlov = involuntary behavior
✔Max Wertheimer = gestalt psychology
✔Otto Loewi = discovered "acetylchloline" respobsible in stimulation of muscles
✔Ulf von Euler discovered "norepinephrine" bringing our nervous system into "high alert" ✔Arvid Carlsson discovered "dopamine" the reward mechanisms in the brain
✔Jean Piaget -- cognitive dev't , info processing , dynamic interrelation.
✔Sigmund Freud -- psychosexual , psychoanalytic
✔Erik Erickson -- psychosocial
✔Lawrence Kohlberg -- moral dev't,
✔Burrhus Frederic Skinner -- operant cond.
✔Ivan Pavlov -- classical cond.
✔Edward Lee Thorndike -- connectionism
✔Albert Bandura -- social learning, neo - behaviorism
✔Robert Gagne -- sequence of instruction
✔Abraham Maslow -- hierarchy of needs , motivation theory
✔William Kohler -- insight learning
✔Robert Havighurst -- devt task theory
✔Benjamin Bloom -- bloom's cognitive taxonomy
✔Simpsons / Anita Harrow -- psychomotor domain
✔David Krathwohl -- affective domain
✔Jerome Bruner -- constructivist, spiral curr, instrumental conceptualism
✔Lev Vygotsky -- socio-cultural theory of cognitive devt , linguistic theory, Scaffolding
✔Edgar Dale -- cone of exp. (20% remember)
✔kohler,koffka, weirtheimer -- gestalt psychology
✔John Locke -- tabularasa , empiricism
✔Howard Gardner -- multiple int.
✔Noam Chomsky -- language acquisition theory , fr of linguistic, nativism
✔David Ausubel -- meaningful learning, graphic organizer, assumption
✔Charles Cooley -- looking glass self theory
✔John Flavel -- metacognition
✔Sandra Bem -- gender schema theory
✔Elliot Turriel -- social domain theory
✔Robert Sternberg -- triachic theory of int.
✔Johm Watson -- behaviorial theory
✔Maria Montessory -- transfer of learning, kinder garten preparation of children.
✔Edward Tolman -- purposive behaviorism and goal oriented
✔Edward Torrance -- creative problem solving
✔Bernard Weiner -- attribution theory
✔Daniel Goleman/coleman? -- emotional intelligence
✔Wolfgang Ratke -- used vernacular for approaching the class.
✔mencius -- idealistic wing of confucianism
✔hzun tzu -- realistic wing of confusianism
✔taoism -- lao tzu
✔Herbart spencer -- moral devt
✔Pestallozi -- symmetrical and harmonious devt of child
✔John Jacques Rosseau -- nature of child
✔Arnold Gesell - maturation theory
✔John Dewey - Learning by doing
✔David Froebel - Father of kinder garten
✔John Bowly - Attainment Theory
✔Edward Boro - Six Thinking Hats Theory
✔Auguste Comte - Father of Sociology
✔Carlos Linnaeus - Father of modern taxonomy.
✔John Amos Comencius - Fr. of modern education.
✔Erasmus Desiderius - Fr. of humanism/ social humanism
✔William Kilpatrick - Project method.
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PART 3:
IDEALISM -- plato
REALIAM -- aristotle
EMPIRICISM -- locke
PRAGMATISM -- dewey
EXISTENTIALISM -- hegel
PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS -- moore
ESSENTIALISM -- bagley
PERENNIALISM -- hutchins
PROGRESSIVISM -- dewey
RECONSTRUCTIONALISM -- brameld
BEHAVIORISM -- skinner or watson
STRUCTURALISM -- helmholts or wundt?
FUNCTIONALISM -- james,nugell, or carr?
PURPOSIVISM -- hormic
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PART 4 -ISM
✔NATURALISM -- only nature exist, nature is better than civilization (NATURALESA ng isang BAGAY)
✔IDEALISM -- spiritual, values, moral, socratic method
✔REALISM -- natural world, values arenatural and absolute, reality exist undercieved
✔PRAGMATISM/­­­­­EXPERIMENTALISM -- practical, problem solving research, knowledge is what works, values are related, truth is warranted assertion.
✔ESSENTIALISM -- 3r's (4r's ngayon), achievement test, certain knowledge&skills are essential for rational being.
✔PROGRESSIVISM -- process of development, higher level of knowledge, the child's need and interest are relevant to curriculum.
✔EXISTENTIALISM -- knowledge is subjective, man shapes his being as he lives, we are what we do, deciding precedes knowing.
✔PERENNIALISM -- education that last for century, universalist, knowledge is eternally valid.
✔SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTIVISM -- for better society, community based learning
✔RECONSTRUCTUONALISM -- the school should help rebuild the social order thus social change.
✔BEHAVIORISM -- learning is change in behavior, S-R relationship
✔EMPIRICISM -- knowledge comes thru senses, 5 senses (observatory learning)
✔STRUCTURALISM -- complex mental exp. such as image,feeling and sensation
✔FUNCTIONALISM -- focus to motivation, thinking & learning.
✔PURPOSIVISM -- individual hormones are responsible for the motive to strive towards fulfillment of his/her objective.
✔PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS -- reality is what verifiable, truth correspondes to reality, usage determines meaning
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PART 5: REPUBLIC ACTS
9155 -- Governance of basic educ. act of 2001
6728 -- GASTPE
7722 -- creating CHED
7784 -- " " of center of excellence
7796 -- creating TESDA
6655 -- Free public secondary act of 1988
4090 -- creating a state scholarship council to intergrate, systematize, administer and implement all program scholarships and appropriating funds.
5447 -- creation of a special educ. fund act enacted in 1968
-- organization and extension of classes
-- adding classroom to remote areas,barrios and provincial schools
6139 -- regulated the secretarian schools/private school in charging higher tuition fee
7687 -- science and technology scholarship act of 1994
7743 -- establishment of city and municipal libraries.
8292 -- higher educ. modernization act of 1997
6850 -- an act to grant Civil Service eligibility under certain conditions to Gov. employees appointed under provisionap or temporary status who rendered 7 years of efficient service
8545 -- amending RA 7628 Expanded GASTPE Act
8525 -- Adopt a school program
8491 -- Flag and Heraldic code of the Ph.
7797 -- lengthen the school prog. to 200 days and not more than 220 days
8190 -- act of granting priority to residents of the brgy. where school is located in the appointment and assignment of school.
6972 -- act of stablishing DAY CARE CENTER FOR EVERY BRGY.
7624 -- integrating of drug prevention and control in the intermediate & secondary curricula and indigeneous learning system
7743 -- act providing libraries and reading centers throughout the Ph.
7877 -- anti-sexual harassment act of 1995
9163 -- NSTP of 2001
6193 -- regulation of tuition fees of private educ. institution
10627 -- anti-bullyinh act of 2013
10533 -- enhance basic educ. act of 2013 (K-12 PROGRAM)
9485 -- anti-red tape act
Executive Order (E.O.) 66 -- rule of cancellation of classes due to typhoon, flooding and other calamities.
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PART 6
Philosophers Related to Learners Development
✔SIGMUND FREUD -- "the mind is like an iceberg, it floats with one-seventh of its bulk avove water.
COMPONENTS OF PERSONALITY
ID -- pleasure center
EGO -- reality center
SUPER EGO -- conscience / judgment center.
PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES OF DEV'T
ORAL -- thumb sucking, biting
ANAL -- toilet training, control of their bowel.
PHALLIC -- sexual interest, genital stimulation.
LATENCY -- sexual urges & interest were temporary
GENITAL -- adult sexual interest and activities come to dominate.
Odipus complex - son vs father towards mother/wife feelings . (excessive attachment)(Phallic stage)
Electra complex - daugther vs mother towards father/husband feelings. (excessive attachment)(Phallic stage)
Personality Dynamics
LIFE INSTINCT
DEATH INSTINCT
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✔ERIK ERICKSON -- "healthy children will not fear in their elders have integrity enough to fear of death.
PSYCHOSOCIAL STAGES of DEVT
CRISIS -- a person goes through
MALADAPTATION -- result from failure to effectivity resolve the problem
MALIGNACY -- "
VIRTUE -- emerges when balance & resolution of crisis attained.
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY STAGES
Stage: Early Childhood (2 to 3 years)
Basic Conflict: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Important Events: Toilet Training
Outcome: Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt.
Stage: Preschool (3 to 5 years)
Basic Conflict: Initiative vs. Guilt
Important Events: Exploration
Outcome: Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.
Stage: School Age (6 to 11 years)
Basic Conflict: Industry vs. Inferiority
Important Events: School
Outcome: Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.
Stage: Adolescence (12 to 18 years)
Basic Conflict: Identity vs. Role Confusion
Important Events: Social Relationships
Outcome: Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self.
Stage: Young Adulthood (19 to 40 years)
Basic Conflict: Intimacy vs. Isolation
Important Events: Relationships
Outcome: Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolation.
Stage: Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 years)
Basic Conflict: Generativity vs. Stagnation
Important Events: Work and Parenthood
Outcome: Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world.
Stage: Maturity(65 to death)
Basic Conflict: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Important Events: Reflection on life
Outcome: Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair.
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✔LEV VYGOTSKY -- "the teacher must orient his work not on yesterday's devt in the childs but on tomorrow's.
SCAFFOLDING -- is the systematic manner of providing assistance of the learners to effectively acquire skills.
MKO(More Knowledge Others) -- higher level of performance.
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✔JEAN PIAGET -- " the school should be creating men & women who are capable of doing new things not simply repeating what other generation have done.
STAGES OF COGNITIVE DEVT.
SENSORY MOTOR (BIRTH - 2y/o) -- infants knowledge.
PRE-OPERATIONAL ( 2-7y/o) -- pretent to play but still struggle with logic,mental symbols interest.
CONCRETE OPERATIONAL (7-11) -- think logically, hypothetically and concepts, solve problems
FORMAL OPERATIONAL (11-UP) -- deductive reasoning and understanding of abstract ideas, think symbolically.
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✔LAWRENCE KOHLBERG -- "right action tends to be defined in terms of general individual rights and standards that have been critically examined & agreed upon by the whole society.
LEVELS OF MORAL DEVT.
PRE-CONVENTIONAL -- obidience & punishment (consequences) , individualism & exchange
CONVENTIONAL --interpersonal relationship, maintain social order.
POST-CONVENTIONAL -- social contract and individual rights , universal principles, set of values and beliefs.
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✔URIE BROFENBRENNER --
ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM THEORY
MICROSYSTEM -- sorroundings of individual: family, friends, neighborhood
MESOSYSTEM -- connections between context, school experiences to church experience.
EXOSYSTEM -- includes other people and places that the child herself may not interact with often herself but that still have a large effect on her.
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY STAGES
Stage: Early Childhood (2 to 3 years)
Basic Conflict: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Important Events: Toilet Training
Outcome: Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt.
Stage: Preschool (3 to 5 years)
Basic Conflict: Initiative vs. Guilt
Important Events: Exploration
Outcome: Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt.
Stage: School Age (6 to 11 years)
Basic Conflict: Industry vs. Inferiority
Important Events: School
Outcome: Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.
Stage: Adolescence (12 to 18 years)
Basic Conflict: Identity vs. Role Confusion
Important Events: Social Relationships
Outcome: Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself, while failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self.
Stage: Young Adulthood (19 to 40 years)
Basic Conflict: Intimacy vs. Isolation
Important Events: Relationships
Outcome: Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolation.
Stage: Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 years)
Basic Conflict: Generativity vs. Stagnation
Important Events: Work and Parenthood
Outcome: Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Success leads to feelings of usefulness and accomplishment, while failure results in shallow involvement in the world.
Stage: Maturity(65 to death)
Basic Conflict: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Important Events: Reflection on life
Outcome: Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair.
===================================
✔LEV VYGOTSKY -- "the teacher must orient his work not on yesterday's devt in the childs but on tomorrow's.
SCAFFOLDING -- is the systematic manner of providing assistance of the learners to effectively acquire skills.
MKO(More Knowledge Others) -- higher level of performance.
===================================
✔JEAN PIAGET -- " the school should be creating men & women who are capable of doing new things not simply repeating what other generation have done.
STAGES OF COGNITIVE DEVT.
SENSORY MOTOR (BIRTH - 2y/o) -- infants knowledge.
PRE-OPERATIONAL ( 2-7y/o) -- pretent to play but still struggle with logic,mental symbols interest.
CONCRETE OPERATIONAL (7-11) -- think logically, hypothetically and concepts, solve problems
FORMAL OPERATIONAL (11-UP) -- deductive reasoning and understanding of abstract ideas, think symbolically.
===================================
✔LAWRENCE KOHLBERG -- "right action tends to be defined in terms of general individual rights and standards that have been critically examined & agreed upon by the whole society.
LEVELS OF MORAL DEVT.
PRE-CONVENTIONAL -- obidience & punishment (consequences) , individualism & exchange
CONVENTIONAL --interpersonal relationship, maintain social order.
POST-CONVENTIONAL -- social contract and individual rights , universal principles, set of values and beliefs.
===================================
✔URIE BROFENBRENNER --
ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM THEORY
MICROSYSTEM -- sorroundings of individual: family, friends, neighborhood
MESOSYSTEM -- connections between context, school experiences to church experience.
EXOSYSTEM -- includes other people and places that the child herself may not interact with often herself but that still have a large effect on her.
MACROSYSTEM -- which is the largest and most remote set of people and places and things to a child but which still has a great influence over the child.
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✔ALBERT BANDURA -- SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
: environment affects child's personality : learninh occurs by simply observing people, people learned from what they see and the consequences of what they did
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PART 7
FOUR PILLARS OF LEARNING
✔LEANING TO KNOW -- focuses on combining broad gen. knowledge and basic educ. with the opportunity to work on a small number of subjects in the light of rapid changes brought about by scientific progress ang new forms of economic and social acitivity.
❇Learning how to learn and to discover, as to benefit from ongoing educational opportunities continuously arising throughout life.
❇Developing the faculties of memory, imagination, reasoning and problem solving.
❇Understanding about one's environment.
❇Communicating with others.
✔LEARNING TO DO -- emphasizes on the learning of skills necessary to practice a profession or trade.
❇applying in practice what has been learned.
❇developing vocational / occupational and technical skills
❇developing social skills in building meaningful interpersonal relationships.
❇developing competence, social behavior, aptitude for teamwork
❇enhancing the ability to communicate and work with others
❇managing and resolving conflicts.
✔LEARNING TO BE -- prioritizes the development of the human potencial to the fullest.
❇tapping the talents hidden with individual.
❇developing personal commitment and responsibilty for the common good.
✔LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER -- emphasizes understanding of others, their history, tradition and cultures, and also living and interacting peacefully together.
❇appreciating diversity of human race
❇being receptive to others and encounter others through dialogue and debate.
❇caring about others
❇working toward common objectives in cooperative undertakings.
❇managing and resolving conflicts.
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PART 8: COGNITIVE PERSPECTVE : GESTALT PRINCIPLE
✅German word means "whole, form, pattern or configuration"
✅the focus of this theory is on Perception and how people assign meaning to visual stimuli "The whole is more than the sum of all parts"
LAW OF PROXIMITY -- elements that are closer together be percieved as a coherent object.
LAW OF SIMILARITY -- similar will percieved as part of the same form.
LAW OF CLOSURE -- ignoring gaps in the figure.
LAW OF CONTINUATION -- patterns establish an impled direction, people tend a good continous line.
LAW OF PRAGNANZ -- stimulus will be organize into a good figure as possible.
LAW OF FIGURE/GROUND -- we tend to pay attention and percieved things in the foreground first.
INSIGHT LEARNING -- Gestalt adheres to the idea of learning takes place by discovery.
PART 9
✔Ripple Effect -- spreading effect of series of consequences caused by singlr action or event.
✔Hawthorne Effect -- type of reactivity effect in which individuals improve an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed.
✔Halo Effect -- cognitive bias which an observer overall impression of a person, influences the observers feeling and thoughts about the entity's character or property
✔Pygmalion Effect -- Shows the teacher's expectation (self-fulfillment)
✔Golem Effect -- low expection leads to decrease in performance.
REINFORCEMENTS
Positive -- presence of stimulus
Negative -- absence of stimulus
Escape -- removes stimulus
Avoidance -- prevents stimulus
Reinforcement -- increase of behavior
Punishment -- weakens response. -ctto-
PRE-BOARD EXAMINATION
LET REVIEW ONLINE
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
JUNE 10, 2016

DIRECTION: This is a test for your Professional Education. Answer this as fast as you can. This  test are composed of 150 items. BEEd you need to get 113 score to passed this pre-board .Thank You and Goodluck Sir/Mam.

1. You are very much interested in a quality professional development program for teachers. What characteristic should you look for?
a. Prescribe by top educational teachers
b. Dependent on the availability of funds
c. Required for renewal of professional license
d. Responsive to identified teacher’s needs.

2. To ensure high standards of teachers’ personal and professional development, which of the following measures must be implemented?
I. A school head plans the professional development of his/her teachers.
II. Every teacher formulates his/her own professional development plan
III. The implementation of what is learned in a training must be monitored.
a. I only  c. II and III
b. I and III d. II only

3. As a community leader, which of the following should a teacher NOT do?
a. Support effort of the community to improve their status in life.
b. Make herself aloof to ensure that her decisions will not be influenced by the community politics.
c. Solicit donation from philanthropists in the community.
d. Play an active part in the activities of the community.

4. In a highly pluralistic society, what type of learning environment is the responsibility of the teacher?
I. Safe
II. Gender-biased
III. Secure
a. I and II         c. II only
b. I, II and III d. I and III

5. A teacher is said to be “trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is under obligation to transmit to learners such heritage”. Which practice makes the teacher fulfill such obligation?
a. Use interactive teaching strategies.
b. Use the latest educational technology.
c. Observe continuing professional education
d. As a class, study the life of Filipino heroes.

6. Which actions show that political factors affect schools as agents of change?
I. The strengthening of the teaching of English in Philippine school.
II. The introduction of mandated subjects such as Rizal in the curriculum
III. The practice of mainstreaming
IV. The turnover of day care centers for DSWD to DepEd for supervision.
a. I and III  c. II and III
b. I and II d. II and IV

7. For more efficient and effective management of school as agents of change, one proposal is for the DepEd to cluster remote stand-alone schools under one lead school head. Which factor has the strongest influence on this proposal?
a. Psychological  c. Geographical
b. Historical d. Social

8. What does the acronym EFA imply for schools?
a. The acceptance of exclusive schools for boys and for girls.
b. The stress on the superiority of formal education over that of alternative learning system.
c. Practice of inclusive education
d. The concentration on formal education system

9. The wide acceptance of “bottom up” management style has influenced schools to practice which management practice?
a. Exclusion of politicians from the pool of guest speakers during graduation exercises.
b. Prescription of what ought to be done from the Center Office.
c. Involvement of students, parents, teachers, and community in school planning
d. Allowing schools to do what they think is best
10. Large class size in congested cities is a common problem in our public schools. Which measure/s have schools taken to offset the effects of large class?
I. The deployment of more teachers
II. The implementation of 1:1 pupil textbook ratio
III. The conduct of morning and afternoon sessions
a. I, II and III  c. III only
b. I and II d. II only

11. The failure of independent study with most Filipino students may be attributed to
students’  ____________.
a. unpreparedness fro schooling
b. ambivalence
c. high degree of independence
d. high degree of independence on authority

12. The schooling incidents in school campuses abroad have made school to rethink the curriculum. Which is believed to counteract such incidents and so is being introduced in schools?
I. Inclusion of socio-emotional teaching
II. The emphasis on the concept of competition against self and not against others
III. Focus on academic achievement and productivity
a. I and III  c. I and II
b. II and III d. I, II and III

13. Widespread abuse of Mother Earth prompted schools to teach sustainable development. which one does this prove about schools?
a. The curricula of schools are centered on Mother Earth.
b. Schools can easily integrate sustained development in their curriculum.
c. Sustained development cannot be effectively taught in the classroom.
d. Environment factors influence the school as an agent of change.

14. A father tells his daughter “You are a woman. You are meant for the home and so for you, going to school is not necessary.” Is the father CORRECT?
a. It depends on the place when the daughter and the father live.
b. Yes, women are meant to be a mother only.
c. No. today women can take on the jobs of men.
d. No, there is gender equality in education.

15. Is there a legal basis for increasing the teacher’s starting salary to P18,000 an months?
a. No, it is a gift to teachers from Congress
b. Yes, R.A 7836
c. No, it is simply an act of benevolence from President GMA
d. Yes, the Phil. Constitution

16. As provided for the Educational Act of 1982, how are the institutions of learning encourage to set higher standards of equality over the minimum standards required for state recognition?
a. Granting of Special Permit
b. Academic freedom
c. Continuing Professional Education
d. Voluntary accreditation

17. Despite of opposition from some school official, DepEd has continuously enforced the “no collection of fees” policy during enrolment period in public schools. In this policy in accordance with EFA goals?
a. No, it violates the mandate of equality education
b. Yes, it somewhat eliminates gender disparities
c. Yes, it supports equitable access to basic education
d. No. it does not support parent  of adult education

18. “Specialization is knowing more and more about less and less”. Hence, it is better to be a generalist, claims Teacher F. Which Philosophy does Teacher F. subscribe to?
a. Existentialism  c. Essentialism
b. Perennialism d. Progressivism

19. Mencius believed that all people are born good. This thought on the innate goodness of people makes it easier to our pupils.
a.  teach  c. like
b. Respect d. motivate

20. The specialization requires of every professional teacher for him/her to be competent is in line with which pillar of learning?
a. Learning to know
b. Learning to be
c. Learning to live together
d. Learning to do

21. Which pillar of learning is aimed at the wholistic development of man and his complete fulfillment?
a. Learning to be
b. Learning to know
c. Learning to live together
d. Learning to do

22. Material development at the expense of human development points to the need to do more in school.
a. “Learning to do”
b. “Learning to know”
c. “Learning to live together”
d. “Learning to be”

23. A student complains to you about his failing grade. When you recomputed you found out that you committed an error in this grade computation. Your decision is not accept the erroneous computation before the student and so leave the failing grade as is for fear that you may lose credibility. Is this morally right?
a. No, the reason for not accepting the error before the students in flimsy.
b. No, the end does not justify the means
c. Yes, the end justifies the means
d. Yes, as a teacher you must maintain your credibility

24. Which violate(s) the principle of respect?
I. Teacher A tells her students that what Teacher B taught is wrong.
II. To retaliate, Teacher B advises students not to enroll in Teacher A’s class.
III. Teacher C secretly gives way to a special favor (e.g. add 2 points to grade) requested by student A who is vying for honors.
a. II and III  c. I and II
b. I, II and III d. I and III

25. Which is/are in accordance with the principle of pedagogical competence?
I. Communication of objectives of the course to students
II. Awareness of alternative instruction strategies
III. Selection of appropriate methods of instruction
a. I and III  c. III only
b. I, II and III d. II and III

26. With a death threat over his head, Teacher D is directed to pass an undeserving student. Which will a utilitarianist do?
a. Pass the student, why suffer the threat?
b. Don’t pass him; live by your principle of justice. You will get reward, if not in this life, in the next.
c. Pass the student. That will be of use to the student, his parents and you.
d. Don’t pass him. You surely will not like someone to give you a death threat in other to pass.

27. Teacher A knows of the illegal activities of a neighbor but keeps quiet in order not to be involved in any investigation. Which foundational principle of morality does Teacher A fail to apply?
a. The end does not justify the means
b. The end justifies the means
c. Always do what is right
d. Between two evils, do the lesser evil

28. To earn units for promotion, a teacher pays her fee but does not attend class at all. Does this constitute professional growth?
a. Not immediately but yes after promotion
b. It depends on the school she is enrolled in
c. No, it is simply earning MA units for promotion
d. Yes, just enrolling in an MA program is already professional growth

29. If a teacher asks more higher-order questions, he has to ask more questions.
a. fact  c. convergent
b. close d. concept
30. Misdemeanor has a “ripple effect”. This implies that as a classroom manager, a teacher
a. reinforces positive behavior
b. responds to misbehavior promptly
c. is consistent in her classroom management practice
d. count 1 to 10 before she deals with a misbehaving student

31. Based on Edgar Dale’s “Cone of Experience”, which activity is farthest from the real thing?
a. Watching demo  c. Video disc
b. Attending exhibit d. Viewing images

32. The students of Teacher Y scan an electronic encyclopedia, view a film on subject, or look at related topics at the touch of a button right there in the classroom. Which device/s des teacher Y’s class have?
a. Teaching machines
b. CD
c. Video disc
d. Videotaped lesson

33. Which is an INAPPROPIATE way to manage off-task behavior?
a. Redirect a child’s attention to task and check his progress to make sure he is continuing work
b. Make eye contact to communicate what you wish to communicate
c. Move closer to the child to make him feel your presence
d. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task

34. To be an effective classroom manager, a teacher must be friendly but must at the same time be  .
a. confident  c. analytical
b. businesslike d. buddy-buddy

35. Which software is needed when one wants to perform automatic calculations on numerical data?
a. Database
b. Spreadsheet Program
c. Microsoft Word
d. Microsoft Powerpoint

36. Which of the following questions must be considered in evaluating teacher-made materials?
a. In the material new?
b. Does the material simulate individualism?
c. Is the material expensive?
d. Is it fake?

37. Kounin claims that “with-it-ness” is one of the characteristics of an effective classroom manager. What is one sign of “with-it-ness”?
a. Giving attention to students who are having difficulty with school work
b. Seeing only a portion of the class but intensively
c. Knowing where instructional materials are kept
d. Aware of what’s happening in all parts of the classroom

38. Which of these is one of the ways by which the internet enables people to browse documents connected by hypertext links?
a. URL
b. Browser
c. Welcome page
d. World Wide Web

39. Which characteristics must be primary considered as a choice of instructional aids?
a. Stimulate and maintain students interests
b. Suited to the lesson objectives
c. Updated and relevant to Filipino setting
d. New and skillfully made

40. You can exhibit referent power on the first day of school by
a. telling them the importance of good grades
b. giving your students a sense of belongingness and acceptance
c. making them feel you know what you are taking about
d. reminding your students your authority over them again and again

41. I would like to use a model to emphasize particular part. Which of these would be MOST appropriate?
a. Regalia  c. Stimulation
b. Audio recording d. Mock up

42.What must a teacher do to ensure orderly transitions between activities?
a. Allow time for the students to socialize in between activities
b. Have the materials ready at the start of the activity
c. Assign fewer exercise to fill the allotted time
d. Wait for students who lag behind

43.The task of setting up routine activities for effective classroom management is a task that a teacher should undertake
a. as soon as the students have adjusted to their schedules
b. on the very first day of school
c. every day at the start of the session
d. every homeroom day

44. Teacher S uses the low-profile classroom control technique most of the time. what does this imply?
a. She is reactive in her disciplinary orientation
b. She manages pupils personalities
c. She reacts severely to a misbehaving student
d. She stops misbehaving without disrupting lesson flow

45. When teacher tries to elicit clarification on a student response or solicits additional information, which of these should be use?
a. Directing  c. Structuring
b. Probing d. Cross examining

46. Which priority criterion should guide a teacher in the choice of instructional devices?
a. Novelty  c. Attractiveness
b. Cost d. Appropriateness

47. Which learning activity is MOST appropriate if a teacher’s focus is attitudinal change?
a. Fieldtrip            c. Role play
b. Exhibit d. Game

48. Teacher H strives to draw participation of every student into her classroom discussion. Which of these student needs is she trying to address? The need to .
a. shoe one’s oral abilities to the rest of the class
b. feel significant and be part of a group
c. get everything and be part of a group
d. be creative

49. Instead of teacher giving this comment a student response. “You’re on the wrong track!”, what should be teacher do?
a. Change the question to an easier one
b. Redirect the question by calling another student to recite
c. Probe to redirect the response into a more productive area
d. Pause, ask the question, lecture, then ask the question again

50. If curriculum is designed following the traditional approach, which feature(s) apply(ies)?
I. The aims of the curriculum are set by professionals and experts
II. Interested groups (teachers, students, communities) are assumed to agree with the aims of the curriculum
III. Consensus building in not necessary
a. III only  c. I, II
b. I, II, III d. I, III

51. I want my student to develop the ability to look at a problem from various perspectives. Which approach will be MOST fit?
a. Behaviorist approach
b. Computer-based Education
c. Modular approach
d. Cognitive approach

52. One’s approach to teaching is influenced by Howard Gardner’s MI Theory. What is he/she challenged to do?
I. To come up with 9 different ways of approaching  lesson to cater to the 9 multiple intelligence
II. To develop all student’s skill in all nine intelligences
III. To provide worthwhile activities that acknowledge individual difference in children
a. I, II and III  c. II only
b. II, III d. III only

53. If my approach to my lesson is behaviorist, what features will dominate my lesson?
I. Copying notes  III. Lecturing
II. Reasoning  IV. Demonstration
a. III, IV  c. I, II, III, IV
b. I, III, IV d. II, III, IV

54. You practice inclusive education. Which of these applies to you?
I. You accept every student as full and valued member of the class and school community
II. Your special attention is on learners with specific learning or social needs
III. Your address the needs of the class as a whole within the context of the learners with specific learning or social needs
a. II only  c. I only
b. I and II d. I and III

55. School curriculum reflects the world’s economic and political integration and industrialization. What does this point in curriculum development?
a. The trend towards the classical approach to curriculum development
b. The trend toward the globalization and localization
c. The trend toward participatory curriculum development
d. The shift in the paradigm of curriculum development from a process-oriented to a product-oriented one

56. You choose cooperative learning as a teaching approach. What thought is impressed on your students?
a. Interaction is a must, but not necessarily face to-face interaction
b. Student’s success depends on the success of the group
c. Student’s individuality evaluate how effectively their group worked.
d. The accountability for learning is on the group not on the individual

57. What principle is violated by overusing the chalkboard, as though it is the only education technology available?
a. Isolated use  c. Variety
b. Flexibility d. Uniformity

58. Which statement applies a CORRECTLY to Edgar Dale’s ”Cone of Experience”
a. The farther you are from the base, the more direct the learning experience becomes.
b. The farther you are from the bottom, the more direct the learning experience becomes.
c. The closer you are from the base, the more indirect the learning experience becomes
d. The closer you are from the base, the more direct the learning experience becomes

59. “When more senses are stimulated, teaching and learning become more effective.” What is an application of this principle?
a. Appeal to student’s sense of imagination
b. Use multisensory aids
c. Make your students touch the instructional material
d. Use audiovisual aids because the eyes and the eras are the most important senses in learning.

60. Which is a classroom application of the theory of “operant conditioning”?
a. Help student see the connectedness of facts, concepts, and principles
b. Create a classroom atmosphere that elicits relaxation
c. Reinforce a good behavior to increase the likelihood that the learner will repeat the response
d. Make students learn by operating manipulatives

Read the following teacher-student situation
61. TEACHER: Why is the process called photosynthesis?
STUDENT: I don’t know
Which questioning technique should be the teacher use?
a. Clarification  c. Prompting
b. Multiple response d. Concept review

62. Here is the test item.
“From the data presented in the table, from generalizations that are supported by the data”.
 Under what type of question does this item fall?
a. Convergent  c. Application
b. Evaluative d. Divergent

63. I want to teach concepts, patterns and abstractions. Which method will be MOST appropriate?
a. Discovery             c. Direct instruction
b. Indirect instruction d. Problem solving

64. Teacher A teaches English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blanks sentences, dialogues, dictation and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?
a. The teacher wants to make her teaching easier by having les talk
b. The teacher emphasizing reading and writing skills
c. The teacher is teaching in a variety of ways because not all students learn in the same manner
d. The teacher is applying Bloom’s hierarchy of cognitive learning

65. Teacher A an experienced teacher, does daily review of past lessons in order to      
a. introduce a new lesson
b. reflect on how he presented the previous lessons
c. provide his pupils with a sense of continuity
d. determine who among his pupils are studying

66. I combined several subject areas in order to focus on a single concept for interdisciplinary teaching. Which strategy did I use?
a. Reading-writing activity
b. Thematic introduction
c. Unit method
d. Problem-centered learning

67. To teach the democratic process to the pupils, Biag Elementary School decided that the election of class officers shall be patterned after local elections. There are qualifications set for candidates, limited period for campaign and rules for posting campaign materials, etc. Which of the following did the school use?
a. Symposium  c. Pole playing
b. Simulation d. Philips 66

68. Which are effective methods in teaching student critical reading skills?
I. Interpret editorial
II. Read and interpret three different movie reviews
III. Read a position paper and deduce underlying assumptions of the position papers
a. II and III  c. I and II
b. I and III d. I, II and III

69. Here is a test item
“The improvement of basic education should be the top priority of the Philippine government. Defend or refute this position”.
 Under what type of question does this test item fall?
a. Low-level  c. Analysis
b. Evaluative d. Convergent

70. When I teach, I often engage in brainstorming. Which do I avoid?
a. Break down barriers
b. Increase creativity
c. Generate many ideas
d. Selectively involves pupils

71. Teacher S teaches a lesson in which students must recognize that ¼ is the same 0.25. They use this relationship to determine that 0.15 and 0.20 are slightly less than ¼. Which of the following concept/s is/are being taught?
a. Numeration skills
b. Place value of decimals
c. Numeration skills of decimals and relationships between fractions and decimals
d. Relationship between fraction and decimals

72. What is the best way to develop math concept?
a. Solving problems using multiple approaches
b. Solving problems by looking for correct answer
c. Learning math as applied to situations, such as being a tool of science
d. solving problems by applying learned formulas

73. After the reading of a selection in the class, which of these activities can enhance students creativity.
I. Reader’s theater
II. Reading aloud
III. Silent reading
a. I and II  c. I only
b. II only d. III only

74. Teacher C, a Reading teacher, advised he class to “read between the lines”. What does she want her pupils to do?
a. Make an educated guess
b. Determine what is meant by what is stated
c. Apply the information read
d. Describe the characters in the story

75. To nurture students’ creativity, which activity should a teacher AVOID?
a. Ask “hat if…” questions
b. Ask divergent thinking questions
c. Emphasize  the need to give right answers
d. Be open to “out-of-this-world” ideas

76. Teacher R wants to develop his student’s creativity. Which type of questions will be MOST appropriate?
a. Synthesis questions
b. Fact questions
c. “What if….” questions
d. Analysis questions

77. In my attempt to develop creative thinking skills, I want to test fluency of ideas. Which activity for my students will be MOST appropriate?
a. Solve this math problem
b. List animals  covered with hair in 1 minute
c. Solve this puzzle
d. Compare pictures 1 and 2. Where are the differences?

78. You want your students to answer the questions at the end of a reading lesson. “What did I learn did?”,”What still puzzle me?”, “What did I enjoy, hate accomplish in the class today”?,”How did I learn from the lesson?”.Which of the following are you asking them to do?
a. Work on an assignment
b. Make journal entry
c. Work on a drill
d. Apply what they learned

79. After reading an essay. Teacher B wants to help sharpen her students’ ability to interpret. Which of these activities will be most appropriate?
a. Drawing conclusions
b. Making inferences
c. Getting the main idea
d. Listing facts separately from opinion

Read the following then answer the question
80. A man and his son are driving in a car. The car crashes into a tree, killing the father and seriously injury his son. At the hospital, the boy needs to have surgery. Looking at the boy, the doctor says (telling the truth),”I cannot operate on him. He is my son. How can this be?
ASWER: The doctor is the boy’s mother.
 The above brain twister helps develop critical reading skills. Which activity was used?
a. Comparing
b. Classifying
c. Inferring meaning
d. Looking for cause and effect

81. Research says that mastery experiences increase confidence and willingness to try similar or more challenging tasks as reading. What does this imply for children’s reading performance?
a. Children who have not mastered the basic skills are more likely to be motivated to read in order to gain mastery over basic skills.
b. Children who have mastered basic skills are more likely to be less motivated to read because they get fed up with too much reading.
c. Children who have a high sense of self-confidence are not necessarily those who can read
d. Children who have gained mastery over basic skills are more motivated to read

82. The value that students put on reading is critical to their success. In what way/s can teachers inculcate his value for reading?
I. Sharing the excitement of read-aloud
II. Showing their passion for reading
III. Being rewarded to demonstrate the value of reading
a. II and III  c. I, II and III
b. I and II d. II only

83. Bruner’s theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic stages. Applying Bruner’s theory. How would you teach?
a. Be interactive in approach
b. Begin with the abstract
c. Begin with the concrete
d. do direct instruction

84. A person who has painful experiences at the dentist’s office may become fearful at the mere sight of the dentist’s office building. Which theory can explain this?
a. Generalization
b. Operant Conditioning
c. Attribution theory
d. Classical conditioning

84. Which is/are the basic assumption/s of behaviorists?
I. The mind of newborn child is a blank state.
II. all behaviors are determined by environmental events
III. The child has a certain degree of freedom not to allow himself to be shaped by his environment.
a. III only  c. II only
b. I and II d. I and II

86. If a student is encourage to develop himself to the fullest and must satisfy his hierarchy of needs, the highest needs to satisfy according to Maslow is         .
a. psychological need  c. belongingness
b. self-actualization d. safety needs

87. In a Social studies class. Teacher I presents a morally ambiguous situation and asks student what they would do. On whose theory is Teacher I’s technique based?
a. Bandura  c. Kohberg
b. Piaget d. Bruner

88. Teacher F is convinced that whatever a student performs a desired behavior, provide reinforcement and soon the student learns to perform the behavior on his own. On which principle is Teacher F’s conviction based?
a. Environmentalism  c. Cognitivism
b. Behaviorism d. Constructivism

89. Bandura’s social learning theory, states that children often imitate those who _______
I. have substantial influence over their lives
II. belong their peer group
III. belong to other races
IV. are successful and seem admired
a. IV only  c. I and II
b. I and IV d. II and IV

90. According to Erikson, what years are critical for the development of self-confidence?
a. High school years
b. College years
c. Preschool years
d. Elementary school years

91. Which of the following does NOT describe the development of children aged 11 to 13?
a. They exhibit increased objectivity in thinking
b. They shift from impulsivity to adaptive ability
c. Sex difference in IQ become more evident
d. They show abstract thinking and judgment

92. Teacher H begins a lesson on tumbling, demonstrating front and back somersaults in slow motion and physically guiding his students through the correct movements. As his students become more skillful, he stands back from the man and gives verbal feedback about how to improve. With Vygotsky’s theory in mind, what did Teacher H do?
a. Apprenticeship
b. Guided participation
c. Peer interaction
d. Scaffolding

93. What does Gagne’s hierarchy theory propose for effective instruction?
a. Be concerned with the socio-emotional climate in the classroom
b. Teach beginning with the concrete
c. Sequence instruction
d. Reward good behavior

94. William Glasser’s control theory states that behavior in inspired by what satisfies a person’s want at any given time. What then must a teacher do to motivate students to learn?
a. Make teaching-leaning interactive
b. Avoid giving assignments
c. Organize a curriculum in a spiral manner
d. Make schoolwork relevant to students’ basic human needs.

95. Soc exhibit fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when a dog is on a leash or confined to a pen. Which conditioning process is illustrated?
a. extinction  c. acquisition
b. generalization d. discrimination

96. Based on Freud’s theory, which operate/s when a student strikes a classmates at the height of anger?
a. Ego  c. Id and Ego interact
b. Id d. Superego

97. Bernadette enjoyed the roller coaster when he and her family went to Enchanted Kingdom. The mere sight of a roller coaster gets her excited. Which theory explains Bernadette’s behavior?
a. Operant conditioning
b. Social learning theory
c. Attribution theory
d. Pavlovian conditioning

98. According to Frued, with which should one be concerned if he/she has to develop in the students a correct sense of right and wrong?
I. Super-ego    II. Ego         III. Id
a. I and II  c. I
b. II d. III

99. When small children call animals “dog”, what process is illustrated on Piaget’s cognitive development theory?
a. reversion  c. accommodation
b. assimilation d. conservation
100. Researchers found that when a child is engaged in a learning experience a number of areas of the brain are simultaneously activated. Which of the following is/are implication/s of this research finding?
I. Make use of field trips, guest speakers
II. Do multicultural units of study
III. Stick to the “left brain and right brain” approach
a. I and III  c. I and II
b. I only d. II only

101. Which appropriate teaching practice flows from this research finding on the brain: “The brain’s emotional center is tied into its ability to learn”.
a. Establish the discipline of being judgmental in attitude
b. Come up with highly competitive games where winners will feel happy
c. Tell the students to participate in class activities or else won’t receive plus points in class recitation
d. Create a learning environment that encourages students to explore their feeling and ideas freely
102. Research on Piagetian tasks indicates that thinking becomes more logical and abstract as children reach the formal operations stage. What is an educational implication of this finding?
a. Engage children in analogical reasoning as early as preschool to train them for higher order thinking skills (HOTS)
b. Learners who are not capable of logical reasoning from ages 8 to 11 lag behind in their cognitive development
c. Let children be children
d. Expect hypothetical reasoning for learners between 12 to 15 years of age

103. Research says: “People tend to attribute their successes to internal causes and their failures to external causes.”Based on this finding, what should be taught to students for them to be genuinely motivated to succeed?
a. Tell them the research finding when applied will make them genuinely motivated
b. Convince them that genuine motivation is the only factor that matters for a person to succeed
c. Make them realize that failure is a part of life
d. Make them realize that both success and failure are more a function of internal causes.

104. Which characterize/s a learning environment that promotes fairness among learners of various cultures, family background and gender?
I. Inclusive
II. Exclusive
III. Gender-sensitive
a. I only  c*. I and III
b. III only d. II and III

104. Which of the following steps should be completed first in planning an achievement test?
a. Define the instructional objective*
b. Set up a table of specialization
c. Select the types of test items to use
d. Decide on the length of the test

105. The computed r fro scores in Math and Science in 0.92. What does this mean?
a. Math score is positive related to Science score
b. The higher the Math score, the lower the Science score
c. Math score is not in any way related to Science score
d. Science score is slightly related to math score

106. Which types of test is most appropriate if Teacher Y wants to measure student’s ability to organize thoughts and ideas?
a. Short answer type of test
b. Extended response essay
c. Modified alternative response
d. Limited response essay

107. With assessment of affective learning in mind, which does NOT belong to the group?
a. Cloze test  c. Reflective writing
b. Moral dilemma d. Diary entry

108. I want to test student’s synthesizing skills. Which has the highest diagnostic value?
a. multiple choice test  c. Essay test
b. Performance test            d. Completion test

109. Why is this test item poor?
I. The test item does not pose a problem to the examinee
II. There are variety of possible correct answer to this item
III. the language used in the question is not precise
IV. The blank is near the beginning of a sentence
A. I and III
B. II and IV
C. I and IV
D. I and II

110.What makes the multiple choice type of test poor?
a. The options are not grammatically connected to the stem
b. The stem fails to present a problem
c. There are grammatical clues
d. The options are not parallel

111. If a teacher wants to measure her students’ ability to discriminate, which of these is an appropriate type of test item as implied by the direction?
a. “Outline the Chapter on The Cell”.
b. “Summarize the lesson yesterday”.
c. “Group the following items according to shape”.
d. “State a set of principle that can explain the following events”.

112.A test item has a difficult index of 0.89 and a discrimination index of 0.44. What should the teacher do?
a. Reject the item
b. Retain the item
c. Make it a bonus item
d. Make it a bonus item and reject it

113. Which form of assessment is consistent with the saying “The proof of the pudding is in the eating”.
a. Contrived  c. Traditional
b. Authentic d. Indirect

114. What is WRONG with this item?
a. Item is overly specific
b. Content is trivial
c. Test item is option-based
d. There is a cue to the right answer

115. Student’s score were as follows: 82, 83, 84, 86, 88, 84, 83, 85. The score 86 is the.
a. mode  c. median
b. average d. mean

116. Which text form would you choose if you want to have a valid and reliable test based on the table below?
Test Form Validity Index Reliability Index
A .47 .68
B .87 .57
C .20 .86
D .40 .41
E .63 .07

a. A only  c. A and D
b. B only d. B and E

117. A mathematicians test was given to all Grade V pupils to determine the contestants for the Math Quiz Bee. Which statistical measure should be used to identify the top 15?
a. Mean percentage score
b. Quartile Deviation
c. Percentile Rank
d. Percentage Score

118. Nellie’s score is within x±1 SD. To which of the following groups does she belong?
a. Below average
b. Average
c. Needs Improvement
d. Above average

119. Use the inbox below to answer the question that follows:
Percentage Grades for Final Examination

      40     70      80      90   100
Which of the following statement is TRUE about the plot of grades above?
a. The median is a score of 80 and the range is 60.
b. The median is a score of 70 and the range is 60.
c. The median is a score of 80 and the range is 20.
d. The median is a score of 70 and the range is 20.

120. Which can be said of Arielle who obtained a score of 75 out of 100 items in a Grammar objective test?
a. She performed better than 25% of her classmates
b. She answered 75 items in the test correctly
c. Her rating is 75
d. She answered 75% of the test items correctly

121. The criterion of success in Teacher D’s objective is that “the pupils must be able to spell 90% of the words correctly”. Ana and 24 others in the class spelled only 40 out of 50 words correctly while the rest scored 45 and above. This means that Teacher D
a. attained her lesson objective
b. did not attain her lesson objective because of the pupils’ lack of attention
c. failed to attain her lesson objective as far as the 25 pupils are concerned
d. attained her lesson objective because of her effective spelling drill

122. If the scores of your test follow a negatively skewed score distribution, what should you do?
Find out  ?
a. why your items were easy
b. why most of the scores are high
c. why most of the scores are low
d. why some pupils scored high

123. Principal A is talking about “grading on the curve” in a faculty meeting. What does this expression refer to?
a. A student mark compares his achievement to his effort.
b. A student’s grade or mark depends on how his achievement compares with the achievement of other students in a class.
c. A student’s grade determines whether or not a student attains a defined standard of achievement
d. A student mark tells how closely he is achieving to his potential.

124. Which tests determine whether students accept responsibility for their own behavior or pass on responsibility for their own behavior to other people?
a. Thematic tests
b. Sentence-completion tests
c. Stylistic test
d. Locus-of-control tests

125. Which of the one weakness of self-supporting personality checklists?
a. Many personality measures have built-in lie scales
b. They lack stability
c. They may not get true information because individuals can hide or disguise feelings
d. They have poor internal consistency

126. Which of these can measure awareness of values?
a. Sociogram
b. Moral dilemmas
c. Projective techniques
d. Rating scales

127. Marking on a normative basis means that
a. the normal distribution curve should be followed
b. some should fall
c. some get high marks
d. the grading is based on a present criteria

128. Which process enhances the comparability of grades?
a. Using a table specifications
b. Determining the level of difficulty of the tests
c. Giving more HOTS (higher order thinking skills)
d. Constructing departmentalized examinations for each subject area.

SITUATIONAL

129. Which response/s come/s from a behaviorist?
a. #2 and #4 c. #3 and #4
b. #1 and #2 d. #1 and #3

130. On which educational philosophy is response #1 anchored?
a. Existentialism          c. Progressivism
b. Essentialism d. Bahaviorism

131. If you learned toward a progressivist philosophy, with which response would you agree?
                               a.#2       b. #3       c. #4       d. #1

132. Teacher C wants his students to master the concept of social justice. Which series of activities will be most effective?
a. Pretest-teaching-posttest
b. Pretest-teaching-posttest-re-teaching for unlearned concepts-posttest
c. Review-pretest-teaching-posttest
d. Teaching-posttest

133. Teacher A likes to show how the launching of spaceships takes place. Which of the following materials available is most fit?
a. Model  c. Replica
b. Mock-up         d. Realia

134. Teacher B likes to concretize the abstract concepts of an atom. She came up with a concrete presentation of the atom by using wire and plastic balls. How would you classify Teacher B’s visual aids?

a. Chart             c. Model
b. Replica            d. Realia

135. The class was asked to share their insights about the poem. The ability to come up with a n insight stems from the ability to
a. analyze the parts of a whole
b. evaluate the worthiness of a thing
c. relate and organize things and ideas
d. comprehend the subject that is being studied

136. To ask the class any insight derived from the poem is based on the theory of
a. realism  c. conditioning
b. behaviorism d. constructivism

137. On which assumption about the learner is Mr. Marquez’s act of asking the class to share their insight based?
a. Learners are like empty receptacles waiting to be filled up
b. Learners are meant to interact with one another
c. Learners have multiple intelligence and varied learning styles
d. Learners are producers of knowledge not only passive recipients of information

138. On which assumption/s is the principal’s action anchored?
I. Students learn by personally constructing meaning of what is taught.
II. Students are construct and reconstruct meaning based on experiences
III. Students derive meaning from the meaning that the teacher gives
a. II only  c. I, II, and III
b. I and II d. I only

139. Which materials will her teachers LEAST prefers?
a. Controversial issues
b. Open-ended topics
c. Unquestionable laws
d. Problem or cases

140. Which concept/s of the learner will Principal E NOT accept?
I. “Empty vesse!”
II. “Tabula rasa”
III. Candle to be lighted
a. III only          c. II only
b. I only d. I and II

141. How can you make the items homogeneous?
a. Increase the number of items in Column B
b. All items should be on polygons
c. Remove the word triangle in items #1 and #2 in column A
d. The word “gon” must be included in column B

142. What is the main defect of this matching test?
a. the matching type is an imperfect type
b. the items are NOT homogeneous
c. the items quite easy
d. an obvious pattern is followed in the answering

143. Which should be done to improve the matching type of test?
a. Capitalize the items in Column A
b. Items in Column A and B should be exchanged
c. Drop #6 item in Column A
d. The item in Column A should be increased

144. Which of these is/are essential in constructing a scoring rubric?
I. Description of criteria to serve as standard
II. Clear descriptions of performance at each level
III. Levels of achievement (mastery)
IV. Rating scheme
a. I, II, III  c. I, II, III, IV
b. I, II d. I only

145. Which statement is TRUE of the rubric?
a. It is developmental
b. It is analytical
c. It is both holistic and developmental
d. It is holistic

146. Which is TRUE of the scoring rubric?
I. It describes criteria of levels of achievement
II. It has a rating scheme
III. It limit itself to 4 levels of achievement
a. I and II
b. I and III
c. II and III
d. I, II and III

147. The table shows that the test item analyzed  .
a. has a positive discrimination index
b. has a negative discrimination index
c. is extremely easy
d. is extremely difficult

148. Based on the table, which is the most effective distracter?
a. Option D
b. Option A
c. Option C
d. Option B

149. Based on the table, which group got more correct answer?
a. Upper group
b. It cannot be determined
c. Lower group
d. Data are not sufficient to give an answer

150. In research, which is another term for independent variable?
     a. Response
     b. Outcome
     c. Criterion
     d. Input 

End of Prof.Ed.

GOODLUCK!!!

1 C   51 D   101 D
2 B   52 B   102 D
3 C   53 B   103 C
4 D   54 D   104 C
5 D   55 D   105 A
6 D   56 C   106 A
7 C   57 C   107 B
8 C   58 D   108 A
9 C   59 B   109 B
10 A   60 C   110 D
11 D   61 A   111 B
12 D   62 B   112 C
13 B   63 A   113 B
14 D   64 D   114 B
15 D   65 C   115 D
16 C   66 B   116 D
17 C   67 B   117 A
18 C   68 D   118 C
19 A   69 C   119 D
20 A   70 D   120 A
21 A   71 D   121 B
22 A   72 C   122 C
23 B   73 C   123 B
24 B   74 B   124 B
25 B   75 C   125 D
26 C   76 C   126 C
27 C   77 B   127 B
28 C   78 C   128 D
29 D   79 B   129 D
30 B   80 D   130 B
31 D   81 D   131 D
32 A   82 C   132 B
33 D   83 A   133 B
34 B   84 D   134 D
35 B   85 C   135 B
36 C   86 B   136 A
37 D   87 C   137 D
38 A   88 D   138 B
39 B   89 C   139 B
40 C   90 D   140 C
41 D   91 C   141 A
42 B   92 B   142 B
43 C   93 C   143 B
44 A   94 D   144 C
45 B   95 D   145 C
46 D   96 B   146 C
47 C   97 A   147 A
48 B   98 C   148 D
49 B   99 D   149 D
50 B   100 C   150 D
PHILIPPINE HISTORY (summary notes)
The first book written in the Philippines was DOCTRINA CRISTIANA.
The Father of Ilocano Literature is PEDRO BUKANEG.
*The Father of Tagalog Poetry is FRANCISCO BALTAZAR.
 *Lola Basyang is the pen name of SEVERINO REYES.
*The first and longest running komiks series in the Philippines is KENKOY(Liwayway Magasin,1929)
*The Father of Pampango Literature who wrote There is no God is JUAN CRISOSTOMO SOTO.
*The oldest existing newspaper in the Philippines since the 1900 is MANILA BULLETIN.
*The Father of Modern Tagalog Poetry is ALEJANDRO ABADILLA.
*The work of Bonifacio which tells the history of the Philippines ANG DAPAT MABATID NG MGA TAGALOG.
*He wrote the popular fable The Monkey and the Turtle - JOSE RIZAL
*This is known as Andres Bonifacio's Ten Commandments of the Katipunan - THE DECALOGUE.
*Rizal's model for Pilosopong Tasyo was PACIANO RIZAL.
 *The following characters created by rizal reflect his own personality except SIMOUN (El Filibusterismo)
*The line 'whoever knows not how to love his native tongue is worse than any beast or even smelly fish' TO MY FELLOW CHILDREN
*Rizal's pen name - DIMASALANG, LAONG-LAAN
 *Taga-ilog is JUAN LUNA's Pen name.
*The first filipino alphabet was called ALIBATA/BAYBAYIN
*the first filipino alphabet consisted of 15 LETTERS
*This is a song about love - TALINDAW, awit ng mga taong hindi naimbetahan sa kainan (COLADO)
*He was known for his `Memoria Fotografica` - JOSE MA. PANGANIBAN *He is known as the `poet of the workers or laborers` - AMADO HERNANDEZ
 *Ilocano balagtasan is called BUKANEGAN
*Visayan epic about good manners and right conduct - MARAGTAS
*The father of Filipino newspaper is PASCUAL POBLETE
*Lupang Tinubuan is considered to be the best story written during Japanese Period. The author is NARCISO REYES
*The original title of Ibong Adarna was CORIDO AT BUHAY NA PINAGDAANAN NG TATLONH PRINSIPENG ANAC NG HARING FERNANDO AT REYNA VALERIANA SA CAHARIANG BERBANIA
 *PANDEREGLA - first filipino bread

The Great Plebian: Andres Bonifacio
The Father of the Katipunan: Andres Bonifacio
Hero of the Tirad Pass Battle: Gregorio Del Pilar
President of the First Philippine Republic: General Emilio Aguinaldo
Brains of the Philippine Revolution: Apolinario Mabini
Martyred Priests in 1872: GOMBURZA
Brains of the Katipunan: Emilio Jacinto
Co-founder of La Independencia: General Antonio Luna
Mother of Balintawak: Melchora Aquino
Greatest Filipino Orator of the Propaganda Movement: Graciano Lopez- Jaena
First Filipino Cannon-maker: Pandar Pira
Managing Editor of La Solidaridad: Mariano Ponce
Lakambini of Katipunan: Gregoria de Jesus
Poet of the Revolution: Fernando Ma. Guerrero
Outstanding Diplomat of the First Philippine Republic: Felipe Agoncill
First University of the Philippines President: Rafael Palma
Greatest Filipino Painter: Juan Luna
Greatest Journalist of the Propaganda Movement: Marcelo H. del Pilar
First Filipino Poetess: Leona Florentino
Peace of the Revolution: Pedro Paterno
Founder of Philippine Socialism: Isabelo Delos Reyes Viborra: Artemio Ricarte
Author of the Spanish lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem: Jose PalmaChief of Tondo: Lakandola
The Last Rajah of Manila: Rajah Soliman
Fiancée of Jose Rizal: Leonor RiveraMaker of the
First Filipino Flag: Marcela Agoncillo
Co-founder of Katipunan: Galicano Apacible
Leader of the Ilocano Revolt: Diego Silang
First Filipino Hero: Lapu-lapuLeader of the Longest Revolt in Bohol: Francisco Dagohoy
The Man of Many Talents: Epifanio Delos Santos
Prince of Tagalog Poets: Francisco Baltazar
Visayan Joan of Arc: Teresa Magbanua
Mother of Biak-na-Bato: Trinidad Tecson
Wife of Artemio Ricarte: Agueda EstebanLeader of the Tarlac Revolt: Gen. Francisco Makabulos
Composer of the Philippine National Anthem: Julian Felipe
Spaniards born in the Philippines: Insulares Leader of Magdalo: Baldomero Aguinaldo Leader of Magdiwang: Mariano Alvarez
 Founder of La Liga Filipina: Jose Rizal
Painter of the Spolarium: Juan Luna     -ctto-

GENERAL EDUCATION
(Open for corrections)
★ Highway 54 - the old name of EDSA during ww-II
★ Trisomy 21 - also known as down syndrome
★ Kumintang - Filipinos would sing this song in preparation for war battle
★ En ventre sa mere - the right of the unborn child is the same as the right of individual
★ Mark Twain - pen name of Samuel Clemens
★ Heroic Couplet - last two lines of the Sonnet
★ Sergio Osmeña - the first appointed head of the Department of Education during Commonwealth period
★ Philippine Normal University - established by the Americans for aspiring educators in 1901
★ Animal cells - donot produce cell walls
★ Bousterophedon - Ancient Greeks form of writing
★ Nitrogen - the nost abundant gas in the atmosphere
★ Skin - body's largest organ
★ Chivalric education - also known as social discipline. The educational system which emphasized social etiquette
★ Socratic method - teachers ask questions to try to get students to clarify and rethink their own ideas, to come eventually to a deep and clear understanding of philosophical concepts
★ Saracenic education - this education is training for scientific thinking
★ verbatim - word for word
★ Social Justice - very foundation of genuine peace and reconciliation
★ National Treasury - provides the fund to support the Air Quality Management in the Philippines
★ Tomas Pinpin - kauna-unahang manlilimbag na Pilipino
★ Pascual Poblete - tinaguriang "Ama ng Pahayagang tagalog"
★ Oxygen - a by-product of Photosynthesis
★ water - universal solvent
★ Gametes (in human) - contain 22 autosomes and 1 sex chromosome
★ Emilio Jacinto - utak ng Katipunan
★ Apolinario Mabini - utak ng rebolusyon
★ Kinkee - the gas lamp used to lighten the streets in intramuros way back in history
★ Miranda rule - right of a person under arrest
★ Epistemology - examines the nature and origin of human knowledge
★ empiricism - holds that the sensory experience is the source of knowledge
★ Agnoticism - coined by Thomas Huxley which means "not knowledge but being able to know
★ metaphysics - it seeks to find out what is ultimately real
★ Horticulture - the art of growing flowers, fruits and vegetables
★ Jus sanguinis - a child follows the nationality or citizenship of the parents regardless of the place of his birth
★ 1956 - Lupang Hinirang was sung for the first time
★ Element - the simplest substance that cannot be decomposed further by normal chemical means
★ Pedro Bucaneg - Ama ng panitikang Ilocano
★ Intellectual Appreciative Experiences - based on the premise that all the learning has emotional correlates
★ Thailand - formerly called "Siam"
★ Henry Otley Beyer - proposed the idea that the first Filipinos came through waves of migration from South to North
★ Klaster - Kambal katinig
★ Trinidad Tecson - Ina ng Biak-na-Bato at Ina ng Kruss na Pula (Red cross)
★ Truman Doctrine - was an american foreign policy created to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the cold war
★ Manila - was named "Distinguished and ever loyal city" by Legaspi
★ Mariano Trias - First Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines
★ Plebiscite - the direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public questions such as a change in the Constitution.
★Monothiest religion - Christianity, Islam, Judaism
★ First sultinate - Sultinate of Sulu
★ Diwata I - first Satellite launched by the Philippines
★ Franchise - given the right to vote
★ disenfranchise - removal of the right to vote
★ Antartica - Largest dessert, cold dessert
★ Bicameralism - upperhouse / Lowerhouse
★ Executive - emplimentinv body
★ Legislative - Lawmaking body
★ Judiciary - interpreting body
★ Ural Mountain - separated Europe and Asia
★ 5 ships of Magellan - Trinidad, Conception, Victoria, San Antonio, & San Tiago
★ Mongoloids - Known as the Yellow race
★ Henry the Navigator - Ancestor ni Dora the Explorer (charr! XD) He's the great king of Portugal



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